Seawater carbonate chemistry and processes during experiments with Emiliania huxleyi, 2008, supplement to: Iglesias-Rodriguez, Debora; Halloran, P R; Rickaby, Rosalind E M; Hall, Ian R; Colmenero-Hidalgo, Elena; Gittins, J R; Green, Darryl R H; Tyrrell, Toby; Gibbs, Samantha J; von Dassow, Peter; Rehm, E; Armbrust, E Virginia; Boessenkool, K P (2008): Phytoplankton calcification in a high-CO2 world. Science, 320(5874), 336-340

DOI

Ocean acidification in response to rising atmospheric CO2 partial pressures is widely expected to reduce calcification by marine organisms. From the mid-Mesozoic, coccolithophores have been major calcium carbonate producers in the world's oceans, today accounting for about a third of the total marine CaCO3 production. Here, we present laboratory evidence that calcification and net primary production in the coccolithophore species Emiliania huxleyi are significantly increased by high CO2 partial pressures. Field evidence from the deep ocean is consistent with these laboratory conclusions, indicating that over the past 220 years there has been a 40% increase in average coccolith mass. Our findings show that coccolithophores are already responding and will probably continue to respond to rising atmospheric CO2 partial pressures, which has important implications for biogeochemical modeling of future oceans and climate.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Lavigne and Gattuso, 2011) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI).

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.718841
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1154122
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.718841
Provenance
Creator Iglesias-Rodriguez, Debora; Halloran, P R; Rickaby, Rosalind E M; Hall, Ian R; Colmenero-Hidalgo, Elena; Gittins, J R; Green, Darryl R H; Tyrrell, Toby; Gibbs, Samantha J; von Dassow, Peter; Rehm, E; Armbrust, E Virginia; Boessenkool, K P
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Nisumaa, Anne-Marin
Publication Year 2008
Funding Reference Seventh Framework Programme, 211384; Sixth Framework Programme, 511106
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 1237 data points
Discipline Earth System Research