Seawater carbonate chemistry and processes during experiments with Emiliania huxleyi (PML B92/11), 2000


We have measured the stable carbon isotopic composition of bulk organic matter (POC), alkenones, sterols, fatty acids, and phytol in the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi grown in dilute batch cultures over a wide range of CO2 concentrations (1.1-53.5 micromol L-1). The carbon isotope fractionation of POC (POC) varied by ca. 7 per mil and was positively correlated with aqueous CO2 concentration [CO2aq]. While this result confirms general trends observed for the same alga grown in nitrogen-limited chemostat cultures, considerable differences were obtained in absolute values of POC and in the slope of the relationship of POC with growth rate and [CO2aq]. Also, a significantly greater offset was obtained between the delta13C of alkenones and bulk organic matter in this study compared with previous work (5.4, cf. 3.8 per mil). This suggests that the magnitude of the isotope offset may depend on growth conditions. Relative to POC, individual fatty acids were depleted in 13C by 2.3 per mil to 4.1 per mil, phytol was depleted in 13C by 1.9 per mil, and the major sterol 24-methylcholesta-5,22E-dien-3beta-ol was depleted in 13C by 8.5 per mil. This large spread of delta13C values for different lipid classes in the same alga indicates the need for caution in organic geochemical studies when assigning different sources to lipids that might have delta13C values differing by just a few per mil. Increases in [CO2aq] led to dramatic increases in the alkenone contents per cell and as a proportion of organic carbon, but there was no systematic effect on values of U37k- used for reconstructions of paleo sea surface temperature.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Lavigne and Gattuso, 2011) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI).

Supplement to: Riebesell, Ulf; Revill, Andrew T; Holdsworth, Daniel G; Volkman, J K (2000): The effects of varying CO2 concentration on lipid composition and carbon isotope fractionation in Emiliania huxleyi. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 64(24), 4179-4192

Related Identifier
Metadata Access
Creator Riebesell, Ulf (ORCID: 0000-0002-9442-452X); Revill, Andrew T ORCID logo; Holdsworth, Daniel G; Volkman, J K
Publisher PANGAEA
Contributor Nisumaa, Anne-Marin
Publication Year 2000
Funding Reference Seventh Framework Programme Crossref Funder ID 211384 European Project on Ocean Acidification; Sixth Framework Programme Crossref Funder ID 511106 European network of excellence for Ocean Ecosystems Analysis
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 286 data points
Discipline Earth System Research