Phytoplankton responses and associated carbon cycling during shipboard carbonate chemistry manipulation experiments conducted around Northwest European shelf seas


The ongoing oceanic uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) is significantly altering the carbonate chemistry of seawater, a phenomenon referred to as ocean acidification. Experimental manipulations have been increasingly used to gauge how continued ocean acidification will potentially impact marine ecosystems and their associated biogeochemical cycles in the future; however, results amongst studies, particularly when performed on natural communities, are highly variable, which may reflect community/environment-specific responses or inconsistencies in experimental approach. To investigate the potential for identification of more generic responses and greater experimentally reproducibility, we devised and implemented a series (n = 8) of short-term (2-4 days) multi-level (>=4 conditions) carbonate chemistry/nutrient manipulation experiments on a range of natural microbial communities sampled in Northwest European shelf seas. Carbonate chemistry manipulations and resulting biological responses were found to be highly reproducible within individual experiments and to a lesser extent between geographically separated experiments. Statistically robust reproducible physiological responses of phytoplankton to increasing pCO2, characterised by a suppression of net growth for small-sized cells (<10 µm), were observed in the majority of the experiments, irrespective of natural or manipulated nutrient status. Remaining between-experiment variability was potentially linked to initial community structure and/or other site-specific environmental factors. Analysis of carbon cycling within the experiments revealed the expected increased sensitivity of carbonate chemistry to biological processes at higher pCO2 and hence lower buffer capacity. The results thus emphasise how biogeochemical feedbacks may be altered in the future ocean.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Lavigne et al, 2014) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation is 2014-12-10.

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Creator Richier, Sophie; Achterberg, Eric Pieter; Dumousseaud, Cynthia; Poulton, Alex J ORCID logo; Suggett, David J; Tyrrell, Toby; Zubkov, Mikhail V ORCID logo; Moore, C M
Publisher PANGAEA
Contributor MacGilchrist, G A; Stinchcombe, Mark Colin; Young, Jeremy; Holland, Ross J; Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2014
Funding Reference Natural Environment Research Council Crossref Funder ID NE/H017305/1 Impacts of ocean acidification on key benthic ecosystems, communities, habitats, species and life cycles
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 16897 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-7.083W, 0.000S, 4.115E, 59.678N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2011-06-08T02:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2011-07-03T03:29:00Z