Seawater carbonate chemistry and shell height and lipid concentrations of laboratory-reared larval Atlantic surfclam (Spisula solidissima)

DOI

The Atlantic surfclam (Spisula solidissima) supports a $29.2-million fishery on the northeastern coast of the United States. Increasing global carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere has resulted in a decrease in ocean pH, known as ocean acidification (OA), in Atlantic surfclam habitat. The effects of OA on larval Atlantic surfclam were investigated for 28 d by using 3 different levels of partial pressure of CO2 (ρCO2): low (344 μatm), medium (821 μatm), and high (1243 μatm). Samples were taken to examine growth, shell height, time to metamorphosis, survival, and lipid concentration. Larvae exposed to a medium ρCO2 level had a hormetic response with significantly greater shell height and growth rates and a higher percentage that metamorphosed by day 28 than larvae exposed to the high- and low-level treatments. No significant difference in survival was observed between treatments. Although no significant difference was found in lipid concentration, Atlantic surfclam did have a similar hormetic response for concentrations of phospholipids, sterols, and triacylglycerols and for the ratio of sterols to phospholipids, indicating that larvae may have a homeoviscous adaptation to OA at medium ρCO2 levels. Our results indicate that larval Atlantic surfclam have some tolerance to slightly elevated ρCO2 concentrations but that, at high ρCO2 levels, they may be susceptible to OA.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2021) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2022-3-1.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.941768
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.7755/FB.119.1.8
Related Identifier https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/seacarb/index.html
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.941768
Provenance
Creator Meseck, Shannon; Mercaldo-Allen, Renee; Clark, Paul; Kuropat, Catherine; Redman, Dylan H; Veilleux, David; Milke, Lisa
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2021
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 1688 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-73.453W, 41.022S, -73.107E, 41.166N)