Palynomorphs from the Lateglacial and Holocene of the Mt-Athos Basin, Aegean Sea


To unravel the climatic and environmental dynamics in the borderlands of the Aegean Sea during the early and middle Holocene, and notably for the interval of sapropel S1 (S1) formation, we have analysed terrestrial palynomorphs from a marine core in the northern Aegean Sea. The qualitative results were complemented by quantitative pollen-based climate reconstructions. A land-sea correlation was established based on pollen data and sediment lightness measurements from the same core, and previously published benthic foraminifer data from a nearby core.The borderlands of the Aegean Sea underwent a transition from an open vegetation to oak-dominated woodlands between ~10.4 and ~9.5 ka cal BP. A coeval increase in winter precipitation suggests that moisture availability was the main factor controlling Holocene reforestation. The ~50% higher winter precipitation during S1 formation relative to "pre-sapropelic" conditions suggests a strong contribution from the borderlands of the Aegean Sea to the freshwater surplus during S1 formation. The humid and mild winter conditions during S1 formation were repeatedly punctuated by short-term climatic events that caused a partial deforestation and a reorganisation within the broad-leaved arboreal vegetation. In the marine realm, these events are documented by improved benthic oxygenation. The strongest event represents the regional expression of the 8.2 ka cold event and led to an interruption in S1 formation. Except for the interval of S1 formation, the pollen-derived winter temperatures correlate with the smoothed GISP2 K+ series. They support the previously published, marine-based concept that the intensity of the Siberian High strongly controlled the winter climate in the Aegean region. During S1 formation in the Aegean Sea, however, climate conditions in the borderlands were more strongly affected by the monsoonally influenced climate system of the lower latitudes.

The files contain palynomorph (mainly pollen and dinocysts) data from a marine archive from the Northern Aegean Sea. Core GeoTü SL152 was retrieved during Meteor Cruise 51/3 and covers the last ca. 21 ka (depths: 6,70 m).

Supplement to: Kotthoff, Ulrich; Pross, Jörg; Müller, Ulrich C; Peyron, Odile; Schmiedl, Gerhard; Schulz, Hartmut; Bordon, Amandine (2008): Climate dynamics in the borderlands of the Aegean Sea during formation of sapropel S1 deduced from a marine pollen record. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(7-8), 832-845

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Metadata Access
Creator Kotthoff, Ulrich; Pross, Jörg; Müller, Ulrich C; Peyron, Odile; Schmiedl, Gerhard ORCID logo; Schulz, Hartmut; Bordon, Amandine
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2008
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 29216 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (24.611 LON, 40.087 LAT)