The influence of seawater pH on U/ Ca ratios in the scleractinian cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa, supplement to: Raddatz, Jacek; Rüggeberg, Andres; Flögel, Sascha; Hathorne, Ed C; Liebetrau, Volker; Eisenhauer, Anton; Dullo, Wolf-Christian (2014): The influence of seawater pH on U / Ca ratios in the scleractinian cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa. Biogeosciences, 11(7), 1863-1871

DOI

The increasing pCO2 in seawater is a serious threat for marine calcifiers and alters the biogeochemistry of the ocean. Therefore, the reconstruction of past-seawater properties and their impact on marine ecosystems is an important way to investigate the underlying mechanisms and to better constrain the effects of possible changes in the future ocean. Cold-water coral (CWC) ecosystems are biodiversity hotspots. Living close to aragonite undersaturation, these corals serve as living laboratories as well as archives to reconstruct the boundary conditions of their calcification under the carbonate system of the ocean. We investigated the reef-building CWC Lophelia pertusa as a recorder of intermediate ocean seawater pH. This species-specific field calibration is based on a unique sample set of live in situ collected L. pertusa and corresponding seawater samples. These data demonstrate that uranium speciation and skeletal incorporation for azooxanthellate scleractinian CWCs is pH dependent and can be reconstructed with an uncertainty of ±0.15. Our Lophelia U / Ca-pH calibration appears to be controlled by the high pH values and thus highlighting the need for future coral and seawater sampling to refine this relationship. However, this study recommends L. pertusa as a new archive for the reconstruction of intermediate water mass pH and hence may help to constrain tipping points for ecosystem dynamics and evolutionary characteristics in a changing ocean.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Lavigne et al, 2014) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation is 2014-07-31.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.834573
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-11-1863-2014
Related Identifier https://cran.r-project.org/package=seacarb
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.834573
Provenance
Creator Raddatz, Jacek; Rüggeberg, Andres; Flögel, Sascha; Hathorne, Ed C; Liebetrau, Volker; Eisenhauer, Anton; Dullo, Wolf-Christian
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2014
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 171 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-12.769W, 35.000S, 22.456E, 70.267N)