Manganese nodule geochemistry from the Challenger Expedition


C. W. Gümbel received nodules from J. Murray which were collected at a depth of 2740 fathoms, between Japan and the Sandwich Islands, by the "Challenger" Expedition. They were either round or long in shape, with a dull, dirty-brown coloured surface, and enclosed fragments of pumice-stone, and more rarely teeth of sharks or fragments of mussels. They were analysed by A. Schwager.

From 1983 until 1989 NOAA-NCEI compiled the NOAA-MMS Marine Minerals Geochemical Database from journal articles, technical reports and unpublished sources from other institutions. At the time it was the most extended data compilation on ferromanganese deposits world wide. Initially published in a proprietary format incompatible with present day standards it was jointly decided by AWI and NOAA to transcribe this legacy data into PANGAEA. This transfer is augmented by a careful checking of the original sources when available and the encoding of ancillary information (sample description, method of analysis...) not present in the NOAA-MMS database.

Supplement to: von Gümbel, C W (1878): Die am Grunde des Meeres vorkommenden Manganknollen. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie - Abhandlungen, 869-870

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Metadata Access
Creator von Gümbel, C W; Schwager, A
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 1878
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 19 data points
Discipline Chemistry; Natural Sciences
Spatial Coverage (-160.283 LON, 37.867 LAT)