Lipid composition of particulate matter measured on water bottle samples during POLARSTERN cruise ARK-XI/1, supplement to: Alexandrova, Olga A; Shevchenko, Vladimir P; Fahl, Kirsten; Stein, Ruediger (1999): The lipid composition of particulate matter from the transitional zone between Kara and Laptev Seas. In: Stein, R; Fahl, K; Ivanov, G I; Levitan, M A; Tarasov, G (eds.), Modern and Late Quaternary depositional environment of the St. Anna Trough area, northern Kara Sea, Reports on Polar Research, 244 pp, 342, 93-102

The lipid composition of particulate matter in oceanic environments can provide informations on the nature and origin of the organic matter as well as on their transformation processes. Molecular characteristics for lipids in the Arctic environment have been used as indicators of the sources and transformation of organic particulate matter (Smith et al., 1997; Fahl and Stein, 1997, 1999). However, the features of the lipid composition of particulate matter in the Arctic with its high seasonality of ice Cover and primary productivity has been studied insufficiently.Lipids are one of the most important compounds of organic matter. On the one hand, the composition of lipids is a result of the variability of biological sources (phyto- and zooplankton, higher plants, bacteria etc.). On the other hand, the lipid composition of particulate matter is undergone significant alteration during vertical transport. The organic matter balance in the Arctic marginal seas, such as the Kara and Laptev seas, is characterized by the significant supply of dissolved and particulate material by the major Eurasian rivers - Ob, Yenisei and Lena (Cauwet and Sidorov, 1996; Gordeev et al., 1996, Martin et al., 1993). In relation to the world's ocean the primary productivity values are lower in the Arctic seas due to the ice-cover. However local increased values of primary productivity can be connected with the melting processes inducing increased phytoplankton growth near ice-edge (Nelson et al., 1989; Fahl and Stein, 1997) and enhanced river supply of nutrients, These features can influence the proportion of allochtonous and autochtonous components of the organic matter in the Arctic marginal seas (Fahl and Stein, 1997; Stein and Fahl, 1999). Furthermore, increased lipid contents in aquatic environments were found near density discontinuities (Parish et al., 1988). Although being less informative than lipid studies on the molecular level the character of lipid composition analysis on the group could also be used for studying of particulate organic matter and its transformation in sedimentation processes in the Arctic. In this paper the investigation of the characteristics of lipid composition performed by Alexandrova and Shevchenko (1997) in Arctic seas was continued.

Metadata Access
Creator Alexandrova, Olga A; Shevchenko, Vladimir P; Fahl, Kirsten; Stein, Ruediger
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 1999
Funding Reference Fourth Framework Programme, MAS3980185
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported;
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 191 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (87.037W, 79.555S, 96.617E, 82.350N); Arctic Ocean; Kara Sea
Temporal Coverage Begin 1995-09-08T18:56:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1995-09-11T13:20:00Z