Annotated record of the detailed examination of Mn deposits from the ARIES-5 cruise among the West Pacific Guyots, supplement to: Heezen, Bruce C; Matthews, J L; Catalano, Giulio; Natland, James H; Coogan, Laurence A; Tharp, Mary; Rawson, M (1973): Western Pacific Guyots. In: Heezen, B.C.; MacGregor, I.D., Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, U.S. Government Printing Office, XX, 653-723


The sea floor of the western Pacific is covered by five stratigraphic units: (l) an eastward thinning wedge of late Tertiary silty clay, primarily of volcanic origin, (2) a Cretaceous to Tertiary zeolitic red clay, (3) a Late Cretaceous to Tertiary chalk/chert sequence, (4) a Cretaceous clay, and (5) a basal chalk/chert sequence. The basal chalk was deposited on the young crust at the crest of the mid-oceanic ridge, while the upper chalk was deposited beneath the equator, and the abyssal clays were deposited in abyssal depths in mid latitudes. A kinematic model has been constructed that outlines the deposition of these units on growing crust, which not only was displaced westward away from the accretion center of the mid-oceanic ridge, but northward under the equator. The average northward component of motion for the Pacific plate has been 2 cm per year from 0 to 30 m.y. and 4.4 cm per year from 30 to 100 m.y. The deep-sea deposits of the Pacific are basically and systematically time transgressive. Claims of general synchroneity for either lithostratigraphy or acoustostratigraphy are rejected as inconsistent with both the drilling data and the kinematic model of Pacific pelagic stratigraphy. A few more well sampled holes in the ancient Pacific plate combined with an appropriately refined kinematic model should yield a 'rather detailed history of the Pacific plate since the Jurassic.

From 1983 until 1989 NOAA-NCEI compiled the NOAA-MMS Marine Minerals Geochemical Database from journal articles, technical reports and unpublished sources from other institutions. At the time it was the most extended data compilation on ferromanganese deposits world wide. Initially published in a propriatory format incompatible with present day standards it was jointly decided by AWI and NOAA to transcribe this legacy data into PANGAEA. This transfer is augmented by a careful checking of the original sources when available and the encoding of ancillary information (sample description, method of analysis...) not present in the NOAA-MMS database.

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Metadata Access
Creator Heezen, Bruce C; Matthews, J L; Catalano, Giulio; Natland, James H; Coogan, Laurence A; Tharp, Mary; Rawson, M
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 1973
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported;
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 36 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-177.312W, 17.080S, 159.547E, 23.703N); Pacific Ocean
Temporal Coverage Begin 1971-05-12T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1971-05-26T00:00:00Z