Nd and Sr isotopic compositions and isotope dilution trace element concentrations from 7 sediment cores along the southeast Greenland margin


The Nd and Sr isotopic compositions of Quaternary glacial and glacimarine siliciclastic sediments deposited along the margin of southeast Greenland were determined to assess the roles of the Greenland, Iceland, and more distal ice sheets in delivering detritus to this portion of the northern North Atlantic. The isotopic compositions of detritus generated by portions of the southern Greenland Ice Sheet were defined through measurements of till and trough mouth fan sediments. Massive diamicts from the Scoresby Sund trough mouth fan show a restricted range of e-Nd (-11.8 to -16.6) and 87Sr/86Sr (0.7192-0.7246) consistent with their derivation from mixtures of sediments derived from Paleoproterozoic and/or Caledonian basement and Tertiary Greenland basalts. Further south at Kangerlussuaq, till isotopic compositions covary with the underlying basement type, with low e-Nd values in the inner fiord (-18.1) reflecting the erosion of the local Precambrian gneisses, but with higher e-Nd values (-2.3 to 2.5) found where the trough crosses East Greenland Tertiary basalts. Fine-grained ( -4) and low 87Sr/86Sr (< 0.709) reflecting a component derived from the local Iceland volcanic rocks and/or the East Greenland Tertiary basalts. In all three regions, the locally-derived detritus is intermixed with sediment with an intermediate e-Nd value (~ -10) and 87Sr/86Sr (~ 0.718) that was likely delivered by icebergs emanating from the Eurasian Ice Sheets and not from eastern Greenland. Deposition of glacial sediments from both proximal and distal (Eurasian) sources occurred adjacent to SE Greenland throughout the past 50 Ka, with periodic increases in IRD deposition at various times including those of Heinrich events 1, 2 and 4. These results suggest that at least the southern portions of the Greenland Ice Sheet experienced periodic instabilities during the Last Glacial period.

see doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.730188 for data of sediment core HU93-030-007 from Framer et al 2003, doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(03)00068-2

Supplement to: Verplanck, Emily P; Farmer, G Lang; Andrews, John T; Dunhill, Gita; Millo, Christian (2009): Provenance of Quaternary glacial and glacimarine sediments along the southeast Greenland margin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 286(1-2), 52-62

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.730185
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2009.06.012
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.730185
Creator Verplanck, Emily P ORCID logo; Farmer, G Lang; Andrews, John T ORCID logo; Dunhill, Gita; Millo, Christian ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2009
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Publication Series of Datasets; Collection
Format application/zip
Size 7 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-39.310W, 59.490S, -19.620E, 69.370N); Iceland Sea; South Atlantic Ocean; Greenland Sea
Temporal Coverage Begin 1996-09-26T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2002-07-06T10:32:00Z