Index of Power Resources (IPR) 2007

DOI

Aineisto on jatkoa professori Tatu Vanhasen kokoamalle aineistolle FSD1216 Demokratisoituminen ja valtaresurssit 1850-2000, joka oli tulos pitkäaikaisesta valtioiden demokratisoitumista ja valtaresursseja koskevasta tutkimustyöstä. Erilaisista kirjallisista lähteistä kootut, päivitetyt tiedot on julkaistu myös Vanhasen julkaisussa "The Limits of Democratization". Teoksessa julkaistujen numerotietojen alkuperäiset lähteet on koottu erilliseen dokumenttiin, johon on linkki alla kohdassa: muu materiaali: alkuperäislähteet. Aineisto sisältää kahdeksan eri resurssien jakautuneisuutta kuvaavan muuttujan arvot valtioittain. Näitä ovat: 1) Korkeakouluopiskelijoiden osuus (Tertiary Enrollment Ratio %); 2) Lukutaitoisten osuus aikuisväestöstä (Adult Literacy Rate %); 3) Älyllisten valtaresurssien indeksi (Index of Intellectual Power Resources, IR); 4) Perhetilojen osuus (Family Farms, FF %); 5) Agraariväestön osuus (Agricultural Population, AP %); 6) Arvioitu taloudellisten valtaresurssien jakautuneisuuden aste (Estimated Degree of Decentralization of Economic Power Resources, DD); 7) Taloudellisten valtaresurssien indeksi (Index of Economic Power Resources, ER); ja 8) Valtaresurssi-indeksi (Index of Power Resources, IPR). Muuttujien tiedot on päivitetty edellisestä aineistosta, ja näiden laskutapaa on joissain tapauksissa tarkennettu tai nämä on muodostettu kokonaan uudella tavalla. Korkeakouluopiskelijoiden osuus (Tertiary Enrollment Ratio %) perustuu korkeakoulutukseen osallistuvien prosenttiosuuteen relevantissa ikäluokassa. Lukutaitoisten osuus aikuisväestöstä (Adult Literacy Rate %) lasketaan prosentteina aikuisväestöstä. IR on näiden kahden keskiarvo. Perhetilojen osuus (Family Farms, FF %) tarkoittaa perhetilojen yhteenlaskettua pinta-alaa koko viljelypinta-alasta tai maatilojen kokonaisalasta prosentteina. Agraariväestön osuus vuosilta 2000-2005 on muuttujassa AP. DD saadaan, kun lasketaan yhteen köyhyysrajan alla elävät (%) ja rikkaimman 10 % osuus koko väestön tuloista tai kulutuksesta vähennettynä 10 prosenttiyksikköä, ja vähennetään saatu summa sadasta. Joissain tapauksissa saatua prosenttilukua on vähennetty tai kasvatettu syistä, jotka on esitelty tarkemmin Vanhasen teoksessa The Limits of Democratization. ER lasketaan kaavalla ER=(FF * AP) + (DD * NAP), missä NAP=100-AP. Viimeinen muuttuja, IPR (The Index of Power Resources), saadaan jakamalla IR:n ja ER:n tulo sadalla.

This survey continues the original dataset "FSD1216 Democratization and Power Resources 1850-2000" collected by professor Tatu Vanhanen, which was a result of long-term research on democratization and power resources. The updated data have been collected from several written sources and published also in Vanhanen's book "The Limits of Democratization". The original sources of the numerical data published in the book have been collected to a separate document, the link to which can be found below in the section Other material: Original sources. Eight variables are used to measure country-specific resource distribution: 1) Tertiary Enrollment Ratio (%); 2) Adult Literacy Rate (%); 3) Index of Intellectual Power Resources, IR; 4) Family Farms, FF (%); 5) Agricultural Population, AP (%); 6) Estimated Degree of Decentralization of Economic Power Resources, DD; 7) Index of Economic Power Resources, ER; and 8) Index of Power Resources, IPR. The variables have been updated from the previous dataset, and the calculation methods have been specified in some cases, or even reconstructed in a totally new way in some cases. Tertiary Enrollment Ratio (%) is based on the percentage of students enrolled in universities and institutes of higher learning within the relevant age group. Adult Literacy Rate (%) is calculated as a percentage of adult population. Index of Intellectual Power Resources, IR is the mean of these two variables. Family Farms, FF (%) means the percentage of total cultivated area or of total area of holdings. The proportion of agricultural population between 2000 and 2005 is coded in variable Agricultural Population, AP (%). Estimated Degree of Decentralization of Economic Power Resources, DD is calculated by adding the percentage of the population living under the poverty line with the richest 10 percent of the population, and then calculating the proportion of their income or expenditure compared to the whole population minus 10 percentage units, and then subtracting the sum from 100. In some cases, the calculated percentage has been increased or decreased for reasons given in detail in Vanhanen Vanhanen's book "The Limits of Democratization". Index of Economic Power Resources, ER is calculated by the formula ER = (FF * AP) + (DD * NAP), where NAP = 100-AP. The last variable, Index of Power Resources, IPR is calculated by dividing the product of Index of Intellectual Power Resources, IR and Index of Economic Power Resources, ER by 100.

KokonaisaineistoTotalUniverseCompleteEnumeration

Total universe/Complete enumerationTotalUniverseCompleteEnumeration

Kooste- tai synteesiaineistoCompilationSynthesis

Compilation/SynthesisCompilationSynthesis

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/01402382.2019.1609285
Source https://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:fsd:T-FSD2420
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1177/2053168014567557
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1057/cep.2014.27
Related Identifier https://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-367-012-9
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316227107
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043887116000277
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108644334
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1007/s40806-016-0073-5
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00361.
Metadata Access https://datacatalogue.cessda.eu/oai-pmh/v0/oai?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=oai_ddi25&identifier=4f28f4a7069634368bea7eed180be2468b324c8d502a002dd8348d649d88a280
Provenance
Creator Vanhanen, Tatu
Publisher Yhteiskuntatieteellinen tietoarkisto; Finnish Social Science Data Archive
Publication Year 2009
Rights Yhteiskuntatieteellinen tietoarkisto; Finnish Social Science Data Archive; Tietoarkiston ja aineiston luovuttajan tekemän sopimuksen mukaisesti.; In accordance with the agreement between FSD and the depositor.; Aineisto on (A) vapaasti käytettävissä ilman rekisteröitymistä (CC BY 4.0).; The dataset is (A) openly available for all users without registration (CC BY 4.0).
OpenAccess true
Contact https://www.fsd.tuni.fi/
Representation
Resource Type Kvantitatiivinen; Quantitative
Discipline Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Aquaculture; Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Aquaculture and Veterinary Medicine; Economics; Life Sciences; Social Sciences; Social and Behavioural Sciences; Soil Sciences
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Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Pakistan; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Poland; Portugal; Qatar; Romania; Russia; Rwanda; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Serbia; Sierra Leone; Singapore; Slovakia; Slovenia; Solomon Islands; Somalia; South Africa; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Suriname; Swaziland; Sweden; Switzerland; Syria; Taiwan; Tajikistan; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Uganda; Ukraine; United Arab Emirates; The United Kingdom; The United States; Uruguay; Uzbekistan; Venezuela; Vietnam; Yemen; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Arabiemiirikunnat; Afganistan; Albania; Armenia; Angola; Argentiina; Itävalta; Australia; Azerbaidzan; Bosnia ja Hertsegovina; Barbados; Bangladesh; Belgia; Burkina Faso; Bulgaria; Bahrain; Burundi; Benin; Brunei; Bolivia; Brasilia; Bahama; Bhutan; Botswana; Valko-Venäjä; Belize; Kanada; Kongon demokraattinen tasavalta; Keski-Afrikan tasavalta; Kongon tasavalta; Sveitsi; Norsunluurannikko (Côte d'Ivoire); Chile; Kamerun; Kiina; Kolumbia; Costa Rica; Kuuba; Kap Verde; Kypros; Tsekki; Saksa; Djibouti; Tanska; Dominikaaninen tasavalta; Algeria; Ecuador; Viro; Egypti; Eritrea; Espanja; Etiopia; Suomi; Fidzi; Ranska; Gabon; Iso-Britannia; Georgia; Ghana; Gambia; Guinea; Päiväntasaajan Guinea; Kreikka; Guatemala; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Honduras; Kroatia; Haiti; Unkari; Indonesia; Irlanti; Israel; Intia; Irak; Iran; Islanti; Italia; Jamaika; Jordania; Japani; Kenia; Kirgisia; Kambodza; Komorit; Pohjois-Korea; Etelä-Korea; Kuwait; Kazakstan; Laos; Libanon; Sri Lanka; Liberia; Lesotho; Liettua; Luxemburg; Latvia; Libya; Marokko; Moldova; Montenegro; Madagaskar; Makedonia; Mali; Myanmar (Burma); Mongolia; Mauritania; Malta; Mauritius; Malediivit; Malawi; Meksiko; Malesia; Mosambik; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Nicaragua; Alankomaat; Norja; Nepal; Uusi-Seelanti; Oman; Panama; Peru; Papua-Uusi-Guinea; Filippiinit; Pakistan; Puola; Portugali; Paraguay; Qatar; Romania; Venäjä; Ruanda; Saudi-Arabia; Salomonsaaret; Sudan; Ruotsi; Singapore; Slovenia; Slovakia; Sierra Leone; Senegal; Somalia; Serbia; Suriname; El Salvador; Syyria; Swazimaa; Tsad; Togo; Thaimaa; Tadzikistan; Itä-Timor; Turkmenistan; Tunisia; Turkki; Trinidad ja Tobago; Taiwan; Tansania; Ukraina; Uganda; Yhdysvallat; Uruguay; Uzbekistan; Venezuela; Vietnam; Jemen; Etelä-Afrikka; Sambia; Zimbabwe; United Arab Emirates; Afghanistan; Albania; Armenia; Angola; Argentina; Austria; Australia; Azerbaijan; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Barbados; Bangladesh; Belgium; Burkina Faso; Bulgaria; Bahrain; Burundi; Benin; Brunei; Bolivia; Brazil; Bahamas; Bhutan; Botswana; Belarus; Belize; Canada; Congo (Zaire); Central African Republic; Congo (Brazzaville); Switzerland; Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire); Chile; Cameroon; China; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Cape Verde; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Germany; Djibouti; Denmark; Dominican Republic; Algeria; Ecuador; Estonia; Egypt; Eritrea; Spain; Ethiopia; Finland; Fiji; France; Gabon; The United Kingdom; Georgia; Ghana; Gambia; Guinea; Equatorial Guinea; Greece; Guatemala; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Honduras; Croatia; Haiti; Hungary; Indonesia; Ireland; Israel; India; Iraq; Iran; Iceland; Italy; Jamaica; Jordan; Japan; Kenya; Kyrgyzstan; Cambodia; Comoros; North Korea; South Korea; Kuwait; Kazakhstan; Laos; Lebanon; Sri Lanka; Liberia; Lesotho; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Latvia; Libya; Morocco; Moldova; Montenegro; Madagascar; Macedonia; Mali; Myanmar (Burma); Mongolia; Mauritania; Malta; Mauritius; Maldives; Malawi; Mexico; Malaysia; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Nicaragua; The Netherlands; Norway; Nepal; New Zealand; Oman; Panama; Peru; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Pakistan; Poland; Portugal; Paraguay; Qatar; Romania; Russia; Rwanda; Saudi Arabia; Solomon Islands; Sudan; Sweden; Singapore; Slovenia; Slovakia; Sierra Leone; Senegal; Somalia; Serbia; Suriname; El Salvador; Syria; Swaziland; Chad; Togo; Thailand; Tajikistan; East Timor (Timor-Leste); Turkmenistan; Tunisia; Turkey; Trinidad and Tobago; Taiwan; Tanzania; Ukraine; Uganda; The United States; Uruguay; Uzbekistan; Venezuela; Vietnam; Yemen; South Africa; Zambia; Zimbabwe