European land use scenarios for 2050: using the Nature Futures Framework as a lens for developing alternative visions for a sustainable Europe


Europe is aiming to implement a number of sustainability targets to restore and protect its biodiversity under the European Green Deal and post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. Yet, the land system consequences of meeting such targets are unclear, as multiple pathways may be able to deliver on these targets while minimizing trade-offs with different ecosystem services. This data presents the results of a land use simulation study consisting of three European-scale land use maps for 2050 at a 1km2 resolution. Each map is the outcome of a different scenario reflecting an alternative, normative view on meeting the same sustainability targets for the region, guided by the Nature Futures Framework developed by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. The Nature for Society scenario showcases a future where sustainability targets are met while favoring landscapes providing strong climate regulation, the Nature for Nature scenario favors greater species conservation, while the Nature as Culture scenario ensures the preservation of agricultural heritage features. All files are in GeoTIFF format. Methodological details can be found at the related publication. In addition to the NFF scenarios (based on SSP1) we also provide a result for 2050 for SSP1 and SSP3 without the specific NFF settings that assume green deal policy implementation.

Metadata Access
Creator Verburg, Peter ORCID logo
Publisher DataverseNL
Contributor Verburg, Peter
Publication Year 2023
Rights CC0 1.0; info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess;
OpenAccess true
Contact Verburg, Peter (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)
Resource Type Dataset
Format image/tiff; text/plain
Size 54666749; 1259; 54666748; 54641938
Version 2.0
Discipline Agricultural Sciences; Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Aquaculture; Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Aquaculture and Veterinary Medicine; Earth and Environmental Science; Environmental Research; Geosciences; Life Sciences; Natural Sciences; Social Sciences; Social and Behavioural Sciences; Soil Sciences