International Influences on United Kingdom Crime Control and Penal Policy in the 1990s


Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

The aim of the study was to describe and analyse the extent and nature of United States influence on United Kingdom criminal justice policy during the 1990s. More specifically, the researchers set out to: develop detailed case histories of policy change in the key areas associated with the UK learning from US developments (such as privatized corrections, zero tolerance policing, and 'two' and 'three strikes' sentencing);assess critically the extent to which these developments were actually informed and shaped by US influences;analyse the key processes of policy transfer between the US and UK, andto describe and analyse the development of transnational policy networks in criminal justice. The first stage of the research involved a detailed collation and review of documentary sources in each of the key areas of policy change -- government publications, parliamentary and congressional debates and reports, newspaper archives, pressure group and think tank publications, and academic books and journals. Following this initial mapping of case histories of policy change, around 100 semi-structured interviews were conducted with key players in the policy process, both in the UK and in the USA, including politicians, policy makers, journalists, representatives of pressure groups and NGOs, academics and criminal justice professionals.

Main Topics:

This data collection contains transcripts of semi-structured qualitative interviews with 33 criminal justice professionals, policy-makers and politicians. Each interivew is between 30 and 90 minutes in length and explores one of three areas of concern: zero tolerance policing;'three strikes' sentencing;the privatisation of corrections in either the UK or USA.

Purposive selection/case studies

Face-to-face interview

Metadata Access
Creator Newburn, T., London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Social Policy; Jones, T., Cardiff University, School of Social Sciences
Publisher UK Data Service
Publication Year 2010
Funding Reference Economic and Social Research Council
Rights Copyright T. Newburn and T. Jones; <p>The Data Collection is available to UK Data Service registered users subject to the <a href="" target="_blank">End User Licence Agreement</a>.</p><p>Use of the data requires approval from the data owner or their nominee.</p>
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Text
Discipline Jurisprudence; Law; Social and Behavioural Sciences
Spatial Coverage United Kingdom; United States