(Table 2) Consolidation properties of IODP Exp308 whole rock samples


In mudstones of the Ursa Basin, Gulf of Mexico, the volume of voids to solids, or void ratio, ranges from 4 (porosity = 80%) at the seafloor to 0.6 (porosity = 37%) at 600 m below seafloor. This seven-fold change in void ratio can only be described by a compaction model that includes greater sediment stiffening with stress than has commonly been used in geotechnical or geological approaches. Through uniaxial consolidation experiments, we show that specific volume (v = 1 + void ratio) declines as an exponential function of effective stress. We use this relationship to successfully predict in-situ overpressures at Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Sites U1322 and U1324. This technique can be used around the world to describe sediment compaction and predict pore pressure in the first 1000 m below seafloor. Rapid sediment consolidation near the seafloor provides the fluid source that generates overpressure despite the fact that these sediments have high permeability. Ultimately sediment consolidation is a first order control on when and at what depth overpressure will be generated in the subsurface. This in turn will impact whether submarine landslides are expected and the regional gradient of continental margins.

Supplement to: Long, H; Flemings, Peter B; Germaine, John T; Saffer, Demian M (2011): Consolidation and overpressure near the seafloor in the Ursa Basin, Deepwater Gulf of Mexico. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 305(1-2), 11-20

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.788709
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2011.02.007
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.2204/iodp.proc.308.205.2008
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.788709
Creator Long, H; Flemings, Peter B ORCID logo; Germaine, John T; Saffer, Demian M ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2011
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 165 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-89.002W, 28.001S, -89.000E, 28.002N)