In-situ measurements in steep bedrock permafrost in an Alpine environment on the Matterhorn Hörnligrat, Zermatt Switzerland: 2008-2021


The data presented is a unique ten+ year data record obtained from in-situ measurements in steep bedrock permafrost in an Alpine environment on the Matterhorn Hörnligrat, Zermatt, Switzerland at 3500 m a.s.l. during the time period 2008-2021 by the PermaSense project. This data set constitutes the longest, densest and most diverse data record in the history of mountain permafrost research worldwide with 17 different sensor types used at 29 distinct sensor locations consisting of over 154.1 million data points captured over the past decade. By documenting and sharing this data in this form we contribute to making our past research reproducible and facilitate future research based on this data e.g. in the area of analysis methodology, comparative studies, assessment of change in the environment, natural hazard warning and the development of process models. This data set provides primary data products as well as derived data products: GNSS raw data: GNSS observables in the form of daily RINEX 2.11 files GNSS derived data products: Daily positions computed using double-differencing GNSS processing Timelapse images: High-resolution visible light images Timeseries data raw: Per-year and location files or raw sampled data: Weather station, ground temperature, ground resistivity, fracture displacement and inclinometer data Timeseries derived data products: Cleaned and aggregated hourly values of the above Timeseries sanity plots: Standardized plots to obtain a visual overview and check data.All data contained in this data set including updates to newer data can also be retrieved using the toolset available at from the online PermaSense data repository at The version/tag used for the 2022 edition of the Matterhorn data is

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Metadata Access
Creator Weber, Samuel ORCID logo; Beutel, Jan ORCID logo; Cicoira, Alessandro ORCID logo
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2022
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 36 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (7.670 LON, 45.980 LAT); Matterhorn, Switzerland