This dataset presents temperature and precipitation reconstruction from pollen records of the Northern Hemisphere. Most of the pollen proxy data where retrieved from the Neotoma Paleoecology Database (https://www.neotomadb.org/), with additional data from Cao et al. (2020; https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-119-2020), Cao et al. (2013, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2013.02.003) and our own collection. Mean July temperature, annual mean temperature and annual precipitation were reconstructed for 2593 sites (1030 sites in North America, 1075 sites in Europe and 488 sites in Asia) using the full modern temperature and precipitation range, as well as using a "tailored" version, where we restricted a climate variable range to reconstruct the respective other climate variable in order to minimize the impact of co-correlation. Statistics on the used calibration sets (i.e. all samples within 2000 km distance to the fossil pollen records) are also provided, as well as results from the significance test of the reconstructions sensu Telford & Birks (2011).The data collection is subdivided in 4 geographical regions: The European, the Asian and for North America the Western North American and the Eastern North American sector. We complement the data publication by providing the source information on the references (most data are related to Neotoma) as a table linked to each Dataset ID, The Dataset- and Site-IDs are from Neotoma if the data sets are derived from the Neotoma repository. In case of our own data collection efforts (Cao et al. (2020), Cao et al. (2013) and our own data) we used the already published PANGAEA event names in case they are related to the data or created own site names with referencing to geographical regions similar to the Neotoma data naming principle.