DDI2.5 XML CODEBOOK RECORD FOR STUDY NUMBER 4666 Post-communist Elections, 1990-2002


Abstract copyright UK Data Service and data collection copyright owner.

Political science has a good understanding of the role of elections and the ways in which the choice of electoral laws help shape a political system. However, since these generalisations were developed in relation to established democratic polities, they may not necessarily apply to newly democratising countries. This project explored the role played by elections in the process of post-communist democratisation by examining the impact of elections on democratic performance, representativeness and policy responsiveness. It will focus on eight core countries, Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Russia and the Ukraine, employing a range of historical, comparative, and quantitative methods to test postulated relationships and identify key causal factors. For certain quantitative purposes the study will use a wider set of 19 countries to test its findings. The project will assess the consequences of different electoral systems, particularly the formulae for converting votes into seats, the criteria laid down for political participation, and regulations governing candidate selection and the conduct of election campaigns. The project led to academic publications that advanced understanding of elections and the electoral process in new democracies. Many theories derived from the study of Western Europe do not apply to new democracies, where the impact of electoral systems is neither immediate nor straightforward, for example mixed systems have led to party fragmentation rather than to the expected party consolidation. The monograph <i>Embodying Democracy: Electoral System Design in Post-communist Europe</i> is the first comparative explanation of how post-communist countries choose their electoral rules. It demonstrates the importance of context for understanding how actors engage in strategic bargaining. Contact with East European policy-makers provides a practical dimension, both in the conduct of the research and in its ability to make practical recommendations on the modification of electoral laws. The resulting database will constitute an important international resource for academics and practitioners.

Main Topics:

The dataset comprises election results at constituency level of post-communist parliamentary elections from Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia and Ukraine. Results include all candidates in single-member constituencies (where relevant), separately for each component in mixed electoral systems. Lower chamber results are available for all countries listed, and results for the Senate are also available for the Romanian elections. Candidate data, including party; constituency; gender; age; education; occupation are available for: Lithuanian elections of 1992, 1996 and 2000 Russia 1993 (incomplete as available) 1995 and 1999 Poland 1991, 1993, 1997 and 2001 Czech Republic 1996 and 1998 Slovakia 1994, 1998 and 2002 Ukraine 1994 and 1998 Hungarian candidate data is available for the 1994 and 1998 elections and it only includes information on: party affiliation; result; gender of candidates that stood in single-member districts. Romanian (incomplete) candidate data include: party; winning parties in a constituency; gender.

No sampling (total universe)

Election returns

DOI http://doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-4666-1
Metadata Access https://datacatalogue.cessda.eu/oai-pmh/v0/oai?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=oai_ddi25&identifier=45740e8b0a2a4c316a9976b290a59e8b1e370ad999e17bbf182ba0fc697c8c95
Creator Millard, F., University of Essex, Department of Government; Birch, S., University of Essex, Department of Government; Popescu, M., University of Essex, Department of Government; Williams, K., University College London, School of Slavonic and East European Studies
Publisher UK Data Service
Publication Year 2003
Funding Reference Economic and Social Research Council
Rights No information recorded; <p>The Data Collection is available to UK Data Service registered users subject to the <a href="https://ukdataservice.ac.uk/app/uploads/cd137-enduserlicence.pdf" target="_blank">End User Licence Agreement</a>.</p><p>Commercial use of the data requires approval from the data owner or their nominee. The UK Data Service will contact you.</p>
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Numeric
Discipline Social Sciences
Spatial Coverage Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Estonia; Hungary; Lithuania; Poland; Romania; Russia; Slovakia; Ukraine