Species data of littoral macroinvertebrate communities of alpine lakes along an elevational gradient (Hohe Tauern National Park, Austria) in July/August 2018


Alpine lakes support unique communities which may respond with great sensitivity to climate change. To understand the drivers of benthic macroinvertebrate community structure, samples were collected in the littoral of 28 lakes within Hohe Tauern National Park, Austria. Sampling took place from early July to early August 2018 between altitudes of 2,000 and 2,700 m a.s.l. The extent of habitat types in the lake littoral was estimated. Habitat types were classified into sediment (maximum grain size of 2 mm), small rocks (up to 20 cm x 15 cm x 5 cm), and large boulders/sheer rock faces. The extent of rocky habitats was calculated as the sum of areas covered by small rocks and boulders/sheer rock faces. A total area of 1 m² was sampled in each lake, using a hand net with a sharp frame (25 cm in width) and 500 µm mesh-size. Mixed samples were taken, covering each habitat type proportional to its extent in the lake (100% corresponding to 1 m²). For habitats covering up to 10% of the lake, a standardized area of 0.1 m² was sampled. In sediment, the uppermost 5 cm of the ground were scooped into the net by sweeping it swiftly through the sediment. When sampling large boulders or rock faces, a metal spatula was used to scrape macroinvertebrates off the surface and collect them in the net. Macroinvertebrates were brushed off small rocks using a toothbrush over water-filled trays. The dimensions of those small rocks were measured, and total surface area was calculated, assuming a suitable geometric form (ellipsoid or cuboid). Samples were presorted in the field and preserved in 4% formalin. After 3-4 weeks, all samples were rinsed in tap water and transferred to 70% ethanol for further storage. Identification was performed using a stereomicroscope (OLYMPUS SZX16, 11.2x-184x) to the lowest taxon possible.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.937499
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0255619
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.937511
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.937499
Creator Bartels, Anne; Berninger, Ulrike G; Hohenberger, Florian; Wickham, Stephen; Petermann, Jana S
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2021
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 1557 data points
Discipline Chemistry; Natural Sciences
Spatial Coverage (12.226W, 46.920S, 13.253E, 47.182N); Hohe Tauern, Austria
Temporal Coverage Begin 2018-07-17T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2018-08-10T00:00:00Z