Hydrological, meteorological observations and isotopes sampling results during 2019-2020 at Djankuat Glacier Station in the North Caucasus, Russia


This is an update of a dataset on the long-term complex glaciological, hydrological, meteorological observations and isotopes sampling in an extremely underreported alpine zone of the North Caucasus. The Djankuat research basin is of 9.1 km2, situated on elevations between 2500 – 4000 m, by 30% covered with glaciers. The biggest in the basin Djankuat glacier was chosen as representative of the central North Caucasus during the International Hydrological Decade and is one of 30 'reference' glaciers in the world that have annual mass-balance series longer than 50 years (Zemp et al, 2009). The original dataset covers 2007-2017, this update - 2019-2020. In total, the dataset contains the result of yearly measurements of snow thickness and density; dynamics of snow and ice melting; measurements of water runoff, conductivity, turbidity, temperature, δ18O, δ2H on the main gauging station with a one-hour or several-hours step depending on the parameter; data on δ18O and δ2H sampling of liquid precipitation, snow, ice, firn, groundwater in different parts of the watershed regularly in time during the melting season; precipitation amount, air temperature, relative humidity, shortwave incoming and reflected radiation, longwave downward and upward radiation, atmospheric pressure, wind speed and direction – measured on several automatic weather stations within the basin with 15 min – one-hour step; gradient meteorological measurements to estimate turbulent fluxes of heat and moisture, measuring three components of wind speed at a frequency of 10 hertz to estimate the turbulent impulse heat fluxes over the glacier surface by the eddy covariance method. The observations were held during ablation period June-October and were interrupted in winter. The dataset will be further updated. The dataset can be useful for developing and verifying hydrological, glaciological and meteorological models for high elevation territories, to study impact of climate change on hydrology of mountain regions, using isotopic and hydrochemical approaches to study mountain territories.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.940839
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-11-1463-2019
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.894807
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.940839
Creator Rets, Ekaterina P ORCID logo; Popovnin, Viktor V; Toropov, Pavel A; Tsyplenkov, Anatoly; Kornilova, Ekaterina D ORCID logo; Durmanov, Ivan; Zheleznova, Irina; Aleshina, Maria A ORCID logo; Poliukhov, Alexey; Gubanov, Afanasy; Kireeva, Maria B ORCID logo; Ekaykin, Alexey A ORCID logo; Kozachek, Anna ORCID logo; Veres, Arina N; Khomiakova, Victoria; Yarinich, Yulia
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2022
Funding Reference Russian Foundation for Basic Research https://doi.org/10.13039/501100002261 Crossref Funder ID 20-35-70024 ; Russian Foundation for Basic Research https://doi.org/10.13039/501100002261 Crossref Funder ID 20-35-70035 ; Russian Science Foundation https://doi.org/10.13039/501100006769 Crossref Funder ID State Research Programme No.121051100164-0 The cryosphere evolution under climate change and anthropogenic impact
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Bundled Publication of Datasets; Collection
Format application/zip
Size 4 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (42.736W, 42.736S, 43.209E, 43.209N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2019-06-06T19:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2020-09-05T14:30:00Z