Chemistry and boron isotope ratios of Izu arc front volcanic rocks


The process of fluid release from the subducting slab beneath the Izu arc volcanic front (Izu VF) was examined by measuring B concentrations and B isotope ratios in the Neogene fallout tephra (ODP Site 782A). Both were measured by secondary ion mass spectrometry, in a subset of matrix glasses and glassy plagioclase-hosted melt inclusions selected from material previously analyzed for major and trace elements (glasses) and radiogenic isotopes (Sr, Nd, Pb; bulk tephra). These tephra glasses have high B abundances (~10-60 ppm) and heavy delta11B values (+4.5‰ to +12.0‰), extending the previously reported range for Izu VF rocks (delta11B, +7.0‰ to +7.3‰). The glasses show striking negative correlations of delta11B with large ion lithophile element (LILE)/Nb ratios. These correlations cannot be explained by mixing two separate slab fluids, originating from the subducting sediment and the subducting basaltic crust, respectively (model A). Two alternative models (models B and C) are proposed. Model B proposes that the inverse correlations are inherited from altered oceanic crust (AOC), which shows a systematic decrease of B and LILE with increasing depth (from basaltic layer 2A to layer 3), paralleled by an increase in delta11B (from ~ +1‰ to +10‰ to +24‰). In this model, the contribution of sedimentary B is insignificant (<4% of B in the Izu VF rocks). Model C explains the correlation as a mixture of a low-delta11B (~ +1‰) 'composite' slab fluid (a mixture of metasediment- and metabasalt-derived fluids) with a metasomatized mantle wedge containing elevated B (~1-2 ppm) and heavy delta11B (~ +14‰). The mantle wedge was likely metasomatized by 11B-rich fluids beneath the outer forearc, and subsequently down dragged to arc front depths by the descending slab. Pb-B isotope systematics indicate that, at arc front depths, ~ 53% of the B in the Izu VF is derived from the wedge. This implies that the heavy delta11B values of Izu VF rocks are largely a result of fluid fractionation, and do not reflect variations in slab source provenance (i.e. subducting sediment vs. basaltic crust). Since the B content of the peridotite at the outer forearc (7-58 ppm B, mean 24 +/- 16 ppm) is much higher than beneath the arc front (~1-2 ppm B), the hydrated mantle wedge must have released a B-rich fluid on its downward path. This 'wedge flux' can explain (1) the across-arc decrease in B and delta11B (e.g. Izu, Kuriles), without requiring a progressive decrease in fluid flux from the subducting slab, and (2) the thermal structure of volcanic arcs, as reflected in the B and delta11B variations of volcanic arc rocks.

Supplement to: Straub, Susanne M; Layne, Graham D (2002): The systematics of boron isotopes in Izu arc front volcanic rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 198(1-2), 25-39

Related Identifier
Metadata Access
Creator Straub, Susanne M; Layne, Graham D
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2002
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Publication Series of Datasets; Collection
Format application/zip
Size 2 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (141.314 LON, 30.861 LAT); North Pacific Ocean
Temporal Coverage Begin 1989-03-16T18:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1989-03-17T07:30:00Z