Bacterioplankton abundance and heterotrophic production from the Chatham Rise, east of New Zealand, measured during the SalpPOOP (TAN1810) campaign onboard the RV Tangaroa


Heterotrophic bacterioplankton abundance and production was sampled from six to eight depths in the euphotic zone on the SalpPOOp voyage off the east coast of New Zealand in October/November 2018. Duplicate 1.5 ml samples were collected for cell abundance measurements. Samples were preserved with 15 µl of 25% Glutaraldehyde for assessing pico- and nano-phytoeukaryote and heterotrophic bacterioplankton abundances. Samples were kept in the dark for 15 minutes at lab temperature (>8 °C) before being flash-freezing in liquid nitrogen and stored at -80°C. Samples were subsequently analysed on a Beckman-Coulter CytoFLEX S flow cytometer. Bacterioplankton heterotrophic production was estimated from the incorporation of tritiated leucine using the centrifugation method (Smith and Azam, 1992). Triplicate subsamples and one control of 1.2ml seawater were added to labelled microcentrifuge tubes, with 120 µl of 50% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) added to the controls. The samples and control tubes all received an addition of 40 nM of 3H-Leucine (Perkin-Elmer, specific activity = 150.1 Ci mmol−1), and were then incubated for two hours in the dark in on-deck incubators at in-situ temperature for 20 m depth at that station. The incubations were ended by the addition of 120 µl of 50% TCA to fix the sample, with the samples then stored at -20ºC before processing on land following the procedure outlined in Gasol (1999). All microcentrifuge tubes were vortexed before being spun on a centrifuge for 10 minutes at 12000 g followed by aspiration of the liquid from the sample. The microcentrifuge tubes then had 1 ml of 5% TCA added, before being vortexed and spun for another 10 minutes at 12000 g. The tubes were aspirated for a final time before the addition of 1 ml of scintillation cocktail and a final vortex. From this point the samples were stored in the dark at room temperature. The incorporated radioactivity of each sample was determined by running the tubes on a Tri-Carb® Liquid Scintillation Counter (Perkin-Elmer) with quenching correction. The resulting scintillation values were used to calculate the incorporated Leucine, and from this the bacterial uptake of carbon (Gasol, 1999).

The cycles refer to a parcel of water that was followed for a number of days using a Lagrangian technique following a drifter array. Each parcel of water or 'cycle' contained a salp bloom or was a control site. As the same parcel of water was followed in each cycle, changes in the bacteria around the salp bloom (or control site) could be sampled.----This study was also funded by the Royal Society of New Zealand Marsden Fast-track award to Moira Décima, and a University of Otago PhD Scholarship to Fenella Deans.

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Metadata Access
Creator Deans, Fenella ORCID logo; Décima, Moira (ORCID: 0000-0003-0340-648X)
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2024
Funding Reference Ministry for Business Innovation and Employment Crossref Funder ID COES- COES1901 NIWA core programme Coast and Oceans Food Webs; Ministry for Business Innovation and Employment Crossref Funder ID COOF-COOF1902 NIWA core programme Ocean Flows
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; Data access is restricted (moratorium, sensitive data, license constraints);
OpenAccess false
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 3559 data points
Discipline Design; Fine Arts, Music, Theatre and Media Studies; Humanities
Spatial Coverage (-179.884W, -45.556S, 174.095E, -42.662N); Chatham Rise, east of New Zealand
Temporal Coverage Begin 2018-10-25T13:13:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2018-11-16T22:41:00Z