In a laboratory experiment, the soil invertebrate Folsomia candida (Collembola) was exposed to CuCl2 or copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO-NP) for 6 days. The animals were exposed via artificial test soil which varied in the size (19 or 30% of total mass) or the clay type of their clay fraction (kaolin or montmorillonite). The test substances were dissolved (CuCl2) or dispersed (CuO-NP) in pure miliQ water and stirred into the dry test soils to end up with test concentrations of 1, 3, 10 and 32 mg Cu/kg and a water content of 50% of the maximum water holding capacity of the respective soils. As a control, soil with miliQ water only was tested. At the beginning of the experiment, around 220 animals at the age of 10-12 days were inserted into the test vessels containing the spiked test soil. After 6 days, all animals were extracted by floatation of the test soils with tap water. 50 and 150 animals were collected for catalase and metallothionein analysis, respectively. The endpoints survival, reproduction and dry mass per individual were referred to the average values of the negative control. All endpoints were statistically compared to the control by a linear model.
Funded by :Hans‐Böckler‐Stiftung within the framework of the graduate school NanoCompetence (PK041). Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.