(Table 2, page 1376) Chemical analyses of manganese nodules and crusts from the South-western Pacific


Phosphate deposits which apparently formed during the Miocene climatic optimum are widespread on the Chatham Rise and Camp bell Plateau, and on seamounts in the north Tasman Sea. They formed under oxidising conditions by the phosphatisation of older or contemporaneous foraminiferal oozes (Campbell Plateau and Chatham Rise) and coral limestones (Tasman Sea). The phosphorites of the rise and plateau were formed where current activity was sufficiently strong to prevent normal sedimentation, and now form lag deposits. After the Miocene, phosphorite formation ceased and was followed by manganese oxide deposition where conditions were highly oxidising on the eastern Campbell Plateau and north Tasman seamounts, and by glauconite formation in the much less oxidising environments of the western Campbell Plateau and the Chat ham Rise. The manganese deposits are not volcanogenic, as was formerly thought, but formed by slow precipitation from well oxygenated sea water.

From 1983 until 1989 NOAA-NCEI compiled the NOAA-MMS Marine Minerals Geochemical Database from journal articles, technical reports and unpublished sources from other institutions. At the time it was the most extended data compilation on ferromanganese deposits world wide. Initially published in a propriatory format incompatible with present day standards it was jointly decided by AWI and NOAA to transcribe this legacy data into PANGAEA. This transfer is augmented by a careful checking of the original sources when available and the encoding of ancillary information (sample description, method of analysis...) not present in the NOAA-MMS database.

Supplement to: Glasby, Geoffrey P; Summerhayes, Colin P (1975): Sequential deposition of authigenic marine minerals around New Zealand: Paleoenvironmental significance. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 18(3), 477-490

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.859430
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1080/00288306.1975.10421548
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.7289/V52Z13FT
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.7289/V53X84KN
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.859430
Creator Glasby, Geoffrey P; Summerhayes, Colin P
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 1975
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 48 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (159.283W, -49.400S, 177.983E, -22.816N); South Pacific Ocean; Southwest Pacific Ocean