Boron isotope ratios of samples from ODP Leg 125 sites at a serpentine seamount, Mariana forearc


Serpentinite clasts and muds erupted from Conical Seamount, Mariana forearc, show substantial enrichment in boron (B) and 11B (delta11B up to +15 per mil ) relative to mantle values. These elevated B isotope signatures result from chemical exchange with B-rich pore fluids that are upwelling through the seamount. If the trends of decreasing delta11B with slab depth shown by cross-arc magmatic suites in the Izu and Kurile arcs of the western Pacific are extended to shallow depths (~25 km), they intersect the inferred delta11B of the slab-derived fluids (+13x) at Conical Seamount. Simple mixtures of a B-rich fluid with a high delta11B and B-poor mantle with a low delta11B are insufficient to explain the combined forearc and arc data sets. The B isotope systematics of subduction-related rocks thus indicate that the fluids evolved from downgoing slabs are more enriched in 11B than the slab materials from which they originate. Progressively lower delta11B in arc lavas erupted above deep slabs reflects both the progressive depletion of 11B from the slab and progressively greater inputs of mantle-derived B. This suggests that the slab releases 11B-enriched fluids from the shallowest levels to depths greater than 200 km.

Supplement to: Benton, Laurie D; Ryan, Jeffrey; Tera, Fouad (2001): Boron isotope systematics of slab fluids as inferred from a serpentine seamount, Mariana forearc. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 187(3-4), 273-282

Related Identifier
Metadata Access
Creator Benton, Laurie D; Ryan, Jeffrey ORCID logo; Tera, Fouad
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2001
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported;
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Supplementary Publication Series of Datasets; Collection
Format application/zip
Size 2 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (146.653W, 19.512S, 146.696E, 19.543N); North Pacific Ocean
Temporal Coverage Begin 1989-02-27T23:30:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1989-03-10T23:45:00Z