Elevated pCO2 causes developmental delay in early larval Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas

DOI

Increasing atmospheric CO2 equilibrates with surface seawater, elevating the concentration of aqueous hydrogen ions. This process, ocean acidification, is a future and contemporary concern for aquatic organisms, causing failures in Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) aquaculture. This experiment determines the effect of elevated pCO2 on the early development of C. gigas larvae from a wild Pacific Northwest population. Adults were collected from Friday Harbor, Washington, USA (48°31.7' N, 12°1.1' W) and spawned in July 2011. Larvae were exposed to Ambient (400 µatm CO2), MidCO2 (700 µatm), or HighCO2 (1,000 µatm). After 24 h, a greater proportion of larvae in the HighCO2 treatment were calcified as compared to Ambient. This unexpected observation is attributed to increased metabolic rate coupled with sufficient energy resources. Oyster larvae raised at HighCO2 showed evidence of a developmental delay by 3 days post-fertilization, which resulted in smaller larvae that were less calcified.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Lavigne et al, 2014) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation is 2014-09-11.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.835714
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-012-2055-x
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.1136057
Related Identifier https://cran.r-project.org/package=seacarb
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.835714
Provenance
Creator Timmins-Schiffman, Emma; O'Donnell, Michael J; Friedman, Carolyn S; Roberts, Steven B
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2013
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 7013 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-12.018 LON, 48.528 LAT)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2011-07-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2011-07-31T00:00:00Z