Guilt in Bereavement: The Role of Self-Blame and Regret in Coping with Loss

Despite the apparent centrality of guilt in complicating reactions following bereavement, scientific investigation has been limited. Establishing the impact of specific components associated with guilt could enhance understanding. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between two guilt-related manifestations, namely self-blame and regret, with grief and depression.

A longitudinal investigation was conducted 4-7 months, 14 months and 2 years post-loss. Participants were bereaved spouses (30 widows; 30 widowers); their mean age was 53.05 years. Results showed that self-blame was associated with grief at the initial time-point and with its decline over time. Such associations were not found for depression. Initial levels of regret were neither associated with initial levels of grief and depression, nor were they related to the decline over time in either outcome variable. These results demonstrate the importance of examining guilt-related manifestations independently, over time, and with respect to both generic and grief-specific outcome variables. A main conclusion is that self-blame (but not regret) is a powerful determinant of grief- specific difficulties following the loss of a loved one. Implications for intervention are considered.

For guilt and grief, scale scores were calculated by adding the respective single items.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.17026/dans-ztf-t2vt
PID https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:nl:ui:13-si75-gv
Source https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:nl:ui:13-si75-gv
Metadata Access https://easy.dans.knaw.nl/oai?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=oai_datacite&identifier=oai:easy.dans.knaw.nl:easy-dataset:57591
Provenance
Creator Stroebe, M. (Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands & Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands); Stroebe, W. (Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands & Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands); Schoot, R. van de (Department of Methods and Statistics, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands & Optentia Research Program, Faculty of Humanities, North-West University, South Africa); Abakoumkin, G. (Department of Early Childhood Education, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece); Li, J. (Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China)
Publisher Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS)
Publication Year 2014
Rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess; DANS License
OpenAccess false
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format .txt; .pdf; .inp Mplus v 7.1 (Muthén & Muthén, 1998-2012); .out Mplus v 7.1 (Muthén & Muthén, 1998-2012); .dgm Mplus v 7.1 (Muthén & Muthén, 1998-2012); .gh5 Mplus v 7.1 (Muthén & Muthén, 1998-2012); .por IBM Corp. Released 2011. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 20.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.; .dat IBM Corp. Released 2011. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 20.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.
Discipline Psychology
Spatial Coverage Southern Germany