Particulate organic carbon and nitrogen concentrations and fluxes at time series station DYNAPROC

DOI

Sinking particles were collected every 4 h with drifting sediment traps deployed at 200 m depth in May 1995 in a 1-D vertical system during the DYNAPROC observations in the northwestern Mediterranean sea. POC, proteins, glucosamine and lipid classes were used as indicators of the intensity and quality of the particle flux. The roles of day/night cycle and wind on the particle flux were examined. The transient regime of production from late spring bloom to pre-oligotrophy determined the flux intensity and quality. POC fluxes decreased from, on average, 34 to 11 mg/m**2/d, representing 6-14% of the primary production under late spring bloom conditions to 1-2% under pre-oligotrophic conditions. Total protein and chloroplast lipid fluxes correlated with POC and reflected the input of algal biomass into the traps. As the season proceeded, changes in the biochemical composition of the exported material were observed. The C/N ratio rose from 7.8 to 12. Increases of serine (10-28% of total proteins), total lipids (7-9 to 14-28% of POC) and reserve lipids (1-5 to 5-22% of total lipids) were noticeable, whereas total protein content in POC decreased (20-27 to 18-7%). N-acetyl glucosamine, a tracer of fecal pellet flux, showed that zooplankton grazing was a major vector of downward export during the decaying bloom. Against this background pattern, episodic events specifically increased the flux, modifying the quality and the settling velocity of particles. Day/night signals in biotracers (POC, N-acetyl glucosamine, protein and chloroplast lipids) showed that zooplankton migrations were responsible for sedimentation of fresh material through fast sinking particles (V=170-180 m/d) at night. Periodic signatures of re-processed material (high lipolysis and bacterial biomass indices) suggested that other zooplankton fecal pellets or small aggregates, probably of lower settling velocities (V=600 m/d) likely related to large aggregate formation. A wind event increased biotracer fluxes (POC, protein, chloroplast lipids). The rapid transmission of surface signals through extremely fast sinking particles could be a general feature of particle fluxes in marine areas unaffected by horizontal advection.

Supplement to: Goutx, Madeleine; Momzikoff, André; Striby, L; Andersen, Valérie; Marty, Jean-Claude; Vescovali, Isabelle (2000): High-frequency fluxes of labile compounds in the central Ligurian Sea, northwestern Mediterranean. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 47(3), 533-556

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.738702
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(99)00101-6
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.738702
Provenance
Creator Goutx, Madeleine; Momzikoff, André; Striby, L; Andersen, Valérie; Marty, Jean-Claude; Vescovali, Isabelle
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 2000
Funding Reference Sixth Framework Programme https://doi.org/10.13039/100011103 Crossref Funder ID 36949 https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/36949 Southern European Seas: Assessing and Modelling Ecosystem Changes
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Resource Type Supplementary Publication Series of Datasets; Collection
Format application/zip
Size 13 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (7.514W, 43.251S, 7.863E, 43.420N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 1995-05-07T05:28:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1995-06-01T08:06:00Z