Oligotrophic bacteria from the Antarctic Ocean


From enrichment cultures in dialysis chambers held in natural seawater tanks, 104 strains were isolated and kept in culture. All strains proved to be Gram-negative and psychrotrophic, having optimum growth temperatures of between 20 and 24 °C. Maximal growth temperatures were 30 to 37 °C, or even higher. With 55 isolates, substrate utilizations in Biolog MicroPlates were determined, and the obtained metabolic fingerprints used for clustering. Five groups could be distinguished at the 80% similarity level. Fifteen strains belonged to cluster 1, seven strains to cluster 2, and each of the clusters 3 and 4 contained nine strains. Cluster 5 can be divided into subcluster 5a and 5b, with 6 strains showing a few substrates metabolized, and 9 strains without any reactions, or weak reactions for one or two substrates, respectively. Each cluster could be characterized by specific metabolic fingerprints. Strains from cluster 1 metabolized N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, alpha-hydroxybutyric acid and gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, strains from cluster 2 citric acid, formic acid, thymidine and putrescine, strains from cluster 3 glycyl-L-aspartic acid, glycyl-L-glutamic acid, L-threonine and inosine, whereas strains from cluster 4 metabolized alpha-cyclodextrin and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine, typically. Methylamine was not utilized by the isolates, but strains from cluster 1, 2 and 3 could grow on basal seawater agar. Morphological characteristics and photomicrographs of the oligotrophic strains are presented. Due to their typical morphologies and ampicillin resistence, the nine strains from cluster 3 can be regarded as new species of the genus Planctomyces. These bacteria have not been cultivated before.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.745115
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.745115
Creator Tan, Tjhing Lok; Rüger, Hans-Jürgen
Publisher PANGAEA
Publication Year 1999
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Resource Type Publication Series of Datasets; Collection
Format application/zip
Size 2 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (8.890W, -67.735S, 37.460E, -64.957N); Cosmonauts Sea; Riiser-Larsen Sea; Indian Ocean; Lazarev Sea; South Atlantic Ocean
Temporal Coverage Begin 1990-03-24T18:30:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1990-04-15T18:55:00Z