Seawater carbonate chemistry and calcification rate, net photosynthesis and respiration rate of reef-building corals, supplement to: Camp, Emma F; Nitschke, Matthew R; Rodolfo-Metalpa, Riccardo; Houlbrèque, Fanny; Gardner, Stephanie G; Smith, David J; Zampighi, Marco; Suggett, David J (2017): Reef-building corals thrive within hot-acidified and deoxygenated waters. Scientific Reports, 7(1)

DOI

Coral reefs are deteriorating under climate change as oceans continue to warm and acidify and thermal anomalies grow in frequency and intensity. In vitro experiments are widely used to forecast reef-building coral health into the future, but often fail to account for the complex ecological and biogeochemical interactions that govern reefs. Consequently, observations from coral communities under naturally occurring extremes have become central for improved predictions of future reef form and function. Here, we present a semi-enclosed lagoon system in New Caledonia characterised by diel fluctuations of hot-deoxygenated water coupled with tidally driven persistently low pH, relative to neighbouring reefs. Coral communities within the lagoon system exhibited high richness (number of species=20) and cover (24-35% across lagoon sites). Calcification rates for key species (Acropora formosa, Acropora pulchra, Coelastrea aspera and Porites lutea) for populations from the lagoon were equivalent to, or reduced by ca. 30-40% compared to those from the reef. Enhanced coral respiration, alongside high particulate organic content of the lagoon sediment, suggests acclimatisation to this trio of temperature, oxygen and pH changes through heterotrophic plasticity. This semi-enclosed lagoon therefore provides a novel system to understand coral acclimatisation to complex climatic scenarios and may serve as a reservoir of coral populations already resistant to extreme environmental conditions.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2016) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2017-08-31.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.880242
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-02383-y
Related Identifier https://cran.r-project.org/package=seacarb
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.880242
Provenance
Creator Camp, Emma F; Nitschke, Matthew R; Rodolfo-Metalpa, Riccardo; Houlbrèque, Fanny; Gardner, Stephanie G; Smith, David J; Zampighi, Marco; Suggett, David J
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2017
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 2482 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (165.942W, -21.983S, 165.993E, -21.949N)