Stable isotope composition of early Danian sediments from the Atlantic Ocean, supplement to: Quillévéré, Frédéric; Norris, Richard D; Kroon, Dick; Wilson, Paul A (2008): Transient ocean warming and shifts in carbon reservoirs during the early Danian. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 265(3-4), 600-615

DOI

A long-standing question in Paleogene climate concerns the frequency and mechanism of transient greenhouse gas-driven climate shifts (hyperthermals). The discovery of the greenhouse gas-driven Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM; ~55 Ma) has spawned a search for analogous events in other parts of the Paleogene record. On the basis of high-resolution bulk sediment and foraminiferal stable isotope analyses performed on three lower Danian sections of the Atlantic Ocean, we report the discovery of a possible greenhouse gas-driven climatic event in the earliest Paleogene. This event - that we term the Dan-C2 event - is characterized by a conspicuous double negative excursion in delta13C and delta18O, associated with a double spike in increased clay content and decreased carbonate content. This suggests a double period of transient greenhouse gas-driven warming and dissolution of carbonates on the seafloor analogous to the PETMin the early Paleocene at ~65.2 Ma. However, the shape of the two negative carbon isotope excursions that make up the Dan-C2 event is different from the PETM carbon isotope profile. In the Dan-C2 event, these excursions are fairly symmetrical and each persisted for about ~40 ky and are separated by a short plateau that brings the combined duration to ~100 ky, suggesting a possible orbital control on the event. Because of the absence of a long recovery phase, we interpret the Dan-C2 event to have been associated with a redistribution of carbon that was already in the biosphere. The Dan-C2 event and other early Paleogene hyperthermals such as the short-lived early Eocene ELMO eventmay reflect amplification of a regular cycle in the size and productivity of the marine biosphere and the balance between burial of organic and carbonate carbon.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.707191
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2007.10.040
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.707191
Provenance
Creator Quillévéré, Frédéric; Norris, Richard D; Kroon, Dick; Wilson, Paul A
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2008
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Size 3 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-76.112W, -28.525S, 2.324E, 30.142N); Blake Nose, North Atlantic Ocean; South Atlantic; South Atlantic/RIDGE
Temporal Coverage Begin 1980-06-28T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1997-01-16T00:30:00Z