Planktonic foraminiferal stable isotopic record of ODP Site 138-851, supplement to: Cannariato, Kevin G; Ravelo, Ana Christina (1997): Pliocene-Pleistocene evolution of eastern tropical Pacific surface water circulation and thermocline depth. Paleoceanography, 12(6), 805-820


We evaluated the response of eastern equatorial Pacific upper water column hydrography to the Panama seaway closure and the initiation of large-scale northern hemisphere glaciation, The d18O gradient between Globorotalia tumida and Globigerinoides sacculifer indicates a general shoaling of the thermocline between 4.2 and 3.0 Ma which may be related to a recorded decrease in southeast trade wind strength. The d13C gradients suggest that surface water nutrient concentrations have increased during the last 5 Myr and that upwelling intermediate waters began to change sources at ~3.2 Ma. Changes in the trans-Pacific east-west temperature and nutrient gradients at 4.0 and 1.5 Ma are coincident with the seaway closure and a major phase of northern hemisphere glaciation. Changes in the sensitivity of surface circulation to Milankovitch forcing, d18O records linearly related to orbital variations only after 3.2 Ma, are associated with the seaway closure. Pleistocene initiation of 100 and 41 kyr cycles in the thermocline depth proxy may suggest that the hydrographic response to Milankovitch forcing is enhanced by air-sea interactions which maintain the relatively steep Pleistocene trans-Pacific gradients. The d13C records are dominated by the 41 kyr period and are usually coherent with high-latitude climate, suggesting that associated changes in the global carbon reservoir dominate the tropical d13C signals.

Metadata Access
Creator Ravelo, Ana Christina;Cannariato, Kevin G
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 1997
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (3 N,111W)
Temporal Point 1991-06-16T11:59:59Z