Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study [United States] Restricted-Use Files PATH Study (RUF) Version 22

DOI

The PATH Study was launched in 2011 to inform the Food and Drug Administration's regulatory activities under the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (TCA). The PATH Study is a collaboration between the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Center for Tobacco Products (CTP), Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The study sampled over 150,000 mailing addresses across the United States to create a national sample of tobacco users and non-users. 45,971 adults and youth constitute the first (baseline) wave, Wave 1, of data collected by this longitudinal cohort study. These 45,971 adults and youth along with 7,207 "shadow youth" (youth ages 9 to 11 sampled at Wave 1) make up the 53,178 participants that constitute the Wave 1 Cohort. Respondents are asked to complete an interview at each follow-up wave. Youth who turn 18 by the current wave of data collection are considered "aged-up adults" and are invited to complete the Adult Interview. Additionally, "shadow youth" are considered "aged-up youth" upon turning 12 years old, when they are asked to complete an interview after parental consent. At Wave 4, a probability sample of 14,098 adults, youth, and shadow youth ages 10 to 11 was selected from the civilian, noninstitutionalized population at the time of Wave 4. This sample was recruited from residential addresses not selected for Wave 1 in the same sampled PSUs and segments using similar within-household sampling procedures. This "replenishment sample" was combined for estimation and analysis purposes with Wave 4 adult and youth respondents from the Wave 1 Cohort who were in the civilian, noninstitutionalized population at the time of Wave 4. This combined set of Wave 4 participants, 52,731 participants in total, forms the Wave 4 Cohort. Please refer to the Restricted-Use Files User Guide that provides further details about children designated as "shadow youth" and the formation of the Wave 1 and Wave 4 Cohorts. Dataset 0001 (DS0001) contains the data from the Master Linkage file. This file contains 42 variables and 67,276 cases. The file provides a master list of every person's unique identification number and what type of respondent they were for each wave. Dataset 0002 (DS0002) contains the data from the State Design Data. This file contains 7 variables and 67,276 cases. The state identifier in the State Design file reflects the participant's state of residence at the time of selection and recruitment for the PATH Study. Dataset 1011 (DS1011) contains the data from the Wave 1 Adult Questionnaire. This data file contains 2,021 variables and 32,320 cases. Each of the cases represents a single, completed interview. Dataset 1012 (DS1012) contains the data from the Wave 1 Youth (and Parent) Questionnaire. This file contains 1,431 variables and 13,651 cases. Dataset 1411 (DS1411) contains the Wave 1 State Identifier data for Adults and has 5 variables and 32,320 cases. Dataset 1412 (DS1412) contains the Wave 1 State Identifier data for Youth (and Parents) and has 5 variables and 13,651 cases. The same 5 variables are in each State Identifier dataset, including PERSONID for linking the State Identifier to the questionnaire and biomarker data and 3 variables designating the state (state FIPS, state abbreviation, and full name of the state). The State Identifier values in these datasets represent participants' state of residence at the time of Wave 1, which is also their state of residence at the time of recruitment. Dataset 1611 (DS1611) contains the Tobacco Universal Product Code (UPC) data from Wave 1. This data file contains 32 variables and 8,601 cases. This file contains UPC values on the packages of tobacco products used or in the possession of adult respondents at the time of Wave 1. The UPC values can be used to identify and validate the specific products used by respondents and augment the analyses of the characteristics of tobacco products used by these respondents at the time of Wave 1. Dataset 2011 (DS2011) contains the data from the Wave 2 Adult Questionnaire. This data file contains 2,421 variables and 28,362 cases. Of these cases, 26,447 also completed a Wave 1 Adult Questionnaire. The other 1,915 cases are "aged-up adults" having previously completed a Wave 1 Youth Questionnaire.Dataset 2012 (DS2012) contains the data from the Wave 2 Youth (and Parent) Questionnaire. This data file contains 1,596 variables and 12,172 cases. Of these cases, 10,081 also completed a Wave 1 Youth Questionnaire. The other 2,091 cases are "aged-up youth" having previously been sampled as "shadow youth." Dataset 2411 (DS2411) contains the Wave 2 State Identifier data for Adults and has 5 variables and 28,362 cases. Dataset 2412 (DS2412) contains the Wave 2 State Identifier data for Youth (and Parents) and has 5 variables and 12,172 cases. The same 5 variables are in each State Identifier dataset, including PERSONID for linking the State Identifier to the questionnaire and biomarker data and 3 variables designating the state (state FIPS, state abbreviation, and full name of the state). The State Identifier values in these datasets represent participants' state of residence at the time of Wave 2. Dataset 2611 (DS2611) contains the Tobacco Universal Product Code (UPC) data from Wave 2. This data file contains 32 variables and 7,295 cases. This file contains UPC values on the packages of tobacco products used or in the possession of adult respondents at the time of Wave 2. The UPC values can be used to identify and validate the specific products used by respondents and augment the analyses of the characteristics of tobacco products used by these respondents at the time of Wave 2. Dataset 3011 (DS3011) contains the data from the Wave 3 Adult Questionnaire. This data file contains 2,359 variables and 28,148 cases. Of these cases, 26,241 are continuing adults having completed a prior Adult Questionnaire. The other 1,907 cases are "aged-up adults" having previously completed a Youth Questionnaire. Dataset 3012 (DS3012) contains the data from the Wave 3 Youth (and Parent) Questionnaire. This data file contains 1,492 variables and 11,814 cases. Of these cases, 9,769 are continuing youth having completed a prior Youth Interview. The other 2,045 cases are "aged-up youth" having previously been sampled as "shadow youth." Datasets 3111, 3211, 3112, and 3212 (DS3111, DS3211, DS3112, and DS3212) are data files comprising the weight variables for Wave 3. The weight variables for Wave 1 and Wave 2 are included in the main data files. However, starting with Wave 3, the weight variables have been separated into individual data files. The "all-waves" weight files contain weights for respondents who completed an interview for all waves in which they were old enough to do so or verified their information with the study for waves in which they were not old enough to be interviewed. The "single-wave" weight files contain weights for all respondents in Wave 3 regardless of their participation in previous waves.Dataset 3503 (DS3503) contains data derived from responses to Wave 1-3 questionnaires indicating if participants had ever/never used various tobacco products as of the Wave 3 study period. This data file contains 25 variables for all 53,178 study participants as of Wave 3. This file is provided for reference only to simplify the definitions of tobacco use variables in the Adult and Youth data files for subsequent waves. Dataset 3411 (DS3411) contains the Wave 3 State Identifier data for Adults and has 5 variables and 28,148 cases. Dataset 3412 (DS3412) contains the Wave 3 State Identifier data for Youth (and Parents) and has 5 variables and 11,814 cases. The same 5 variables are in each State Identifier dataset, including PERSONID for linking the State Identifier to the questionnaire and biomarker data and 3 variables designating the state (state FIPS, state abbreviation, and full name of the state). The State Identifier values in these datasets represent participants' state of residence at the time of Wave 3. Dataset 3611 (DS3611) contains the Tobacco Universal Product Code (UPC) data from Wave 3. This data file contains 32 variables and 6,768 cases. This file contains UPC values on the packages of tobacco products used or in the possession of adult respondents at the time of Wave 3. The UPC values can be used to identify and validate the specific products used by respondents and augment the analyses of the characteristics of tobacco products used by these respondents at the time of Wave 3. Dataset 4001 (DS4001) contains the data from the Wave 4 Adult Questionnaire. This data file contains 2,504 variables and 33,822 cases. Of these cases, 25,857 are continuing adults having completed a prior Adult questionnaire, 1,900 are "aged-up adults" having previously completed a Youth questionnaire, and 6,065 are "replenishment sample adults" (also known as "new cohort adults" in the annotated instrument). Dataset 4002 (DS4002) contains the data from the Wave 4 Youth (and Parent) Questionnaire. This data file contains 1,600 variables and 14,798 cases. Of these cases, 9,365 are continuing youth having completed a prior Youth interview, 1,694 cases are "aged-up youth" having previously been sampled as "shadow youth," and 3,739 are "replenishment sample youth" (also known as "new cohort youth" in the annotated instrument). Datasets 4111, 4211, 4321, 4112, 4212, and 4322 (DS4111, DS4211, DS4321, DS4112, DS4212, and DS4322) are data files comprising the weight variables for Wave 4. In Wave 4, the weight variables have been separated into individual data files corresponding to the Wave 1 and Wave 4 Cohorts and different weight types. The "all-waves" weight files contain weights for those Wave 1 Cohort respondents who completed an interview for all waves in which they were old enough or verified their information for waves in which they were not old enough to be interviewed. The "single-wave" weight files contain weights for Wave 1 Cohort respondents at Wave 4 who completed an interview at Wave 1, regardless of their participation in previous waves. The "cross-sectional" weight files contain weights for all respondents in the Wave 4 Cohort. Dataset 4401 (DS4401) contains the Wave 4 State Identifier data for Adults and has 5 variables and 33,822 cases. Dataset 4402 (DS4402) contains the Wave 4 State Identifier data for Youth (and Parents) and has 5 variables and 14,798 cases. The same 5 variables are in each State Identifier dataset, including PERSONID for linking the State Identifier to the questionnaire and biomarker data and 3 variables designating the state (state FIPS, state abbreviation, and full name of the state). The State Identifier values in these datasets represent participants' state of residence at the time of Wave 4. For adults and youth from the replenishment sample, the values also represent state of residence at the time of recruitment. Dataset 4503 (DS4503) contains data derived from responses to Wave 1-4 questionnaires indicating if participants had ever/never used various tobacco products as of the Wave 4 data collection period. This data file contains 27 variables for all 67,276 study participants as of the Wave 4 data collection. This file is provided for reference only to simplify the definitions of tobacco use variables in the Adult and Youth data files for subsequent waves. Dataset 4601 (DS4601) contains the Tobacco Universal Product Code (UPC) data from Wave 4. This data file contains 32 variables and 7,684 cases. This file contains UPC values on the packages of tobacco products used or in the possession of adult respondents at the time of Wave 4. The UPC values can be used to identify and validate the specific products used by respondents and augment the analyses of the characteristics of tobacco products used by these respondents at the time of Wave 4. Dataset 5001 (DS5001) contains the data from the Wave 5 Adult Questionnaire. This data file contains 2,602 variables and 34,309 cases. Of these cases, 29,876 are continuing adults having completed a prior Adult questionnaire and 4,433 are "aged-up adults" having previously completed a Youth questionnaire. Dataset 5002 (DS5002) contains the data from the Wave 5 Youth (and Parent) Questionnaire. This data file contains 1,772 variables and 12,098 cases. Of these cases, 10,446 are continuing youth having completed a prior Youth interview and 1,652 cases are "aged-up youth" having previously been sampled as "shadow youth." Datasets 5111, 5112, 5211, 5212, 5221, 5222, 5711, 5712, 5721, and 5722 (DS5111, DS5112, DS5211, DS5212, DS5221, DS5222, DS5711, DS5712, DS5721, and DS5722) are data files comprising the weight variables for Wave 5. In Wave 5, the weight variables are in individual data files corresponding to the Wave 1 and Wave 4 Cohorts and different weight types. The "all-waves" weight files contain weights for those Wave 1 Cohort participants who completed a Wave 5 interview and completed interviews (if old enough to do so) or verified their information (if not old enough to be interviewed) in Waves 1, 2, 3, and 4.There are two separate sets of files with "single wave" weights: one for the Wave 1 Cohort and one for the Wave 4 Cohort. The "single-wave" weight files for the Wave 1 Cohort contains weights for participants who completed an interview in Wave 1 and in Wave 5, regardless of their participation in the intervening waves. The "single-wave" weight file for the Wave 4 Cohort contains weights for all Wave 5 interview respondents in the Wave 4 Cohort.There are also two separate sets of files with "special collection all-waves" weights: one for the Wave 1 Cohort and one for the Wave 4 Cohort. The "special collection all-waves" weight file for the Wave 1 Cohort contains weights for participants who completed a Wave 5 interview and completed interviews (if old enough to do so) or verified their information (if not old enough to be interviewed) in Waves 1, 2, 3, 4, and the special collection in Wave 4.5. The "special collection all-waves" weight file for the Wave 4 Cohort contains weights for participants who completed a Wave 5 interview and completed interviews (if old enough to do so) or verified their information (if not old enough to be interviewed) in Wave 4 and the special collection in Wave 4.5. Dataset 5401 (DS5401) contains the Wave 5 State Identifier data for Adults and has 5 variables and 34,309 cases. Dataset 5402 (DS5402) contains the Wave 5 State Identifier data for Youth (and Parents) and has 5 variables and 12,098 cases. The same 5 variables are in each State Identifier dataset, including PERSONID for linking the State Identifier to the questionnaire and biomarker data and 3 variables designating the state (state FIPS, state abbreviation, and full name of the state). The State Identifier values in these datasets represent participants' state of residence at the time of Wave 5. Dataset 5601 (DS5601) contains the Tobacco Universal Product Code (UPC) data from Wave 5. This data file contains 33 variables and 6,678 cases. This file contains UPC values on the packages of tobacco products used or in the possession of adult respondents at the time of Wave 5. The UPC values can be used to identify and validate the specific products used by respondents and augment the analyses of the characteristics of tobacco products used by these respondents at the time of Wave 5. Each case in an Adult data file represents a single, completed interview. Each case in a Youth data file represents one youth and his or her parent's responses about that youth. Parents who provided permission for their child to participate in a Youth interview were asked to complete a brief interview about their child. In both waves of data collection, less than 0.5 percent of the parents did not complete an interview. Most questions are asked about the child. When multiple youth from the same household were selected to be in the study, the parent(s) completed separate interviews about each youth. If one parent completed two or more interviews, that parent only answered questions about himself/herself once. Those questions were then skipped in the subsequent interview(s) for the other child(ren) and the responses duplicated in that child(ren)'s data file(s).

The Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study is a longitudinal cohort study on tobacco use behavior, attitudes and beliefs, and tobacco-related health outcomes among approximately adults and youth in the United States. The study's primary objectives are to:

Objective 1: Identify and explain between-person differences and within-person changes in tobacco-use patterns, including the rate and length of use by specific product type and brand, product/brand switching over time, uptake of new products, and dual- and poly-use of tobacco products (i.e., use of multiple products within the same time period and switching between multiple products).; Objective 2: Identify between-person differences and within-person changes in risk perceptions regarding harmful and potentially harmful constituents, new and emerging tobacco products, filters and other design features of tobacco products, packaging, and labeling; and identify other factors that may affect use, such as social influences and individual preferences.; Objective 3: Characterize the natural history of tobacco dependence, cessation, and relapse, including readiness and self-efficacy to quit, motivations for quitting, the number and length of quit attempts, and the length of abstinence related to various tobacco products.; Objective 4: Update the comprehensive baseline and subsequent waves of data on tobacco-use behaviors and related health conditions, including markers of exposure and tobacco-related disease processes identified from the collection and analysis of biospecimens, to assess between-person differences and within-person changes over time in health conditions potentially related to tobacco use, particularly with use of new and different tobacco products, including modified-risk tobacco products.; Objective 5: Assess associations between TCA-specific actions and tobacco-product use, risk perceptions and attitudes, use patterns, cessation outcomes, and tobacco-related intermediate endpoints (e.g., biomarkers of exposure and biomarkers related to disease). Analyses will attempt to account for other potential factors, such as demographics, local tobacco-control policies, and social, familial, and economic factors, that may influence the observed patterns.; Objective 6: Assess between-person differences and within-person changes over time in attitudes, behaviors, exposure to tobacco products, and related biomarkers among and within population sub-groups identified by such characteristics as race-ethnicity, gender, and/or age, or by risk factors, such as pregnancy or co-occurring substance use or mental health disorders.; Objective 7: To the extent to which sample sizes are sufficient, assess and compare samples of former and never users of tobacco products for between-person differences and within-person changes in relapse and uptake, risk perceptions, and indicators of tobacco exposure and disease processes.; Objective 8: Use data from the PATH Study's baseline and follow-up waves on tobacco-use behaviors, attitudes, and related health conditions, including potential markers of exposure and related disease processes identified from the analysis of biospecimens, to screen and subsample respondents for participation in formative and/or nested studies conducted during and after the PATH Study's waves of data and biospecimen collection.;

At Wave 1, the study sampled over 150,000 mailing addresses which, using a four-staged stratified sampling design, yielded a sample of 45,971 respondents (32,320 adults / 13,651 youth) who completed a Wave 1 interview. Tobacco users and non-users who were at least 9 years old living in a civilian, non-institutionalized setting were considered for participation during Wave 1. Youth who turn 18 by the next wave of data collection are considered "aged-up adults" and are invited to complete the Adult Interview. Additionally, 7,207 "shadow youth" (youth ages 9 to 11 sampled at Wave 1) are considered "aged-up youth" upon turning 12 years old when they are asked to join the study. These 53,178 participants form the Wave 1 Cohort. At Wave 4, a probability sample of 14,098 adults, youth, and shadow youth ages 10 to 11 was selected from the civilian, noninstitutionalized population at the time of Wave 4. This sample was recruited from close to 174,000 mailing addresses not selected for Wave 1, in the same sampled PSUs and segments using similar within-household sampling procedures. To meet the needs for the Wave 4 Cohort shadow sample, a randomly selected subset of the sampled addresses (115,500 or close to two-thirds of the addresses) were screened solely to identify shadow youth ages 10 to 11. The remaining addresses (close to 58,500) were screened for adults, youth, and shadow youth ages 10 to 11. These are referred to as the "SO" (shadow youth only) and "AYS" (adults, youth, and shadow youth) replenishment samples, respectively. This "replenishment sample" was combined for estimation and analysis purposes with Wave 4 adult and youth respondents from the Wave 1 Cohort who were in the civilian, noninstitutionalized population at the time of Wave 4. This combined set of Wave 4 participants, 52,731 participants in total, forms the Wave 4 Cohort. The Adult files contain a single record for every adult who completed an interview in the wave. The Youth/Parent files contain a single record of every youth who completed an interview in a given wave. Parents who provided permission for their child to complete a Youth Interview were asked to complete a brief Parent Interview that contained questions about parental supervision, school performance, and tobacco use by youth. The Parent Interview is primarily an interview about the child(ren), not the parent. Almost all youth respondents had a parent or guardian complete the Parent Interview (over 99.0 percent). When multiple youth from the same household were selected to be in the study, the parent(s) completed separate interviews about each youth. If one parent completed multiple interviews, then questions asked about him or her were only asked once and skipped in the other interview(s). The parent's responses were then duplicated for the other child or children. A $2 incentive was mailed to all addresses sampled at Wave 1 and Wave 4 prior to screening. Adult respondents were paid $35 for their participation in Wave 1, Wave 2, Wave 3, and Wave 4. In Wave 5, adult respondents were paid $50 for their participation. In Wave 1, Wave 2, Wave 3, and Wave 4, youth were paid $25 to complete the Youth Interview, and their parents were given $10 for each Parent Interview. In Wave 5, youth were paid $35 to complete the Youth Interview, and their parents were given $15 for each Parent Interview.

In Wave 1, Wave 2, Wave 3, Wave 4, and Wave 5, adults and youth were asked about the following types of tobacco products:

Cigarettes; E-cigarettes/Electronic nicotine products; Cigars (traditional, cigarillos, filtered); Pipe tobacco; Hookah; Smokeless tobacco (snus pouches and other forms of smokeless tobacco); Dissolvable tobacco; Bidis and kreteks (youth only);

Although each section on tobacco products has some unique questions, most questions fit into one of the following categories:

Ever use; Recency of use; Frequency of use; Amount of use; Brands used; Purchase details; Use of flavored products; Harm and addictiveness; Reasons for use;

Additional topics, in at least one wave, include:

Poly use; Nicotine dependence; Packaging and health warnings; Risk and harm perceptions; Secondhand smoke exposure; Marketing and advertising; Media use; Demographics; Health; Psychosocial and mental health; Substance use; Cessation; Peer and family influences;

Most questions asked in the questionnaires are categorical. Other questions ask, for example, the age at which something occurred or the person's body measurements. Responses to these questions are numerical.

ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..

Response Rates: The response rates for the Wave 1 Cohort of the PATH Study are shown below. The Wave 1 interview rates are conditional on completion of the Wave 1 screener. The response rates for Waves 2, 3, 4, and 5 are conditional on Wave 1 participation. Wave 1 Household screener: 54.0 percent (weighted); Wave 1 Adult Interview: 74.0 percent (weighted); Wave 1 Youth Interview: 78.4 percent (weighted); Wave 2 Adult Interview: 83.2 percent (weighted); Wave 2 Youth Interview: 87.3 percent (weighted); Wave 3 Adult Interview: 78.4 percent (weighted); Wave 3 Youth Interview: 83.3 percent (weighted); Wave 4 Adult Interview: 73.5 percent (weighted); Wave 4 Youth Interview: 79.5 percent (weighted); \ Wave 5 Adult Interview: 69.4 percent (weighted); Wave 5 Youth Interview: 72.3 percent (weighted);

The response rates for the adults and youth in the Wave 4 replenishment sample are shown below. The Wave 4 interview rates for the adults and youth in this sample are conditional on completion of the Wave 4 screener. Wave 4 Household screener (for households in which youth and adults were recruited): 52.8 percent (weighted); Wave 4 Adult Interview: 68.0 percent (weighted); Wave 4 Youth Interview: 70.6 percent (weighted); The response rates for the Wave 4 Cohort of the PATH Study are shown below. The response rates for Wave 5 are conditional on interview response or shadow youth participation at Wave 4 (for replenishment sample members selected as shadow youth). Wave 5 Adult Interview: 88.0 percent (weighted); Wave 5 Youth Interview: 83.5 percent (weighted)>; Please consult the Restricted-Use Files User Guide for further information regarding response rates.

Datasets:DS0: Study-Level FilesDS1: Master Linkage FileDS2: State Design DataDS1011: Wave 1: Adult Questionnaire Data with WeightsDS1012: Wave 1: Youth / Parent Questionnaire Data with WeightsDS1411: Wave 1: Adult State Identifier DataDS1412: Wave 1: Youth / Parent State Identifier DataDS1611: Wave 1: Tobacco Universal Product Code (UPC) DataDS2011: Wave 2: Adult Questionnaire Data with WeightsDS2012: Wave 2: Youth / Parent Questionnaire Data with WeightsDS2411: Wave 2: Adult State Identifier DataDS2412: Wave 2: Youth / Parent State Identifier DataDS2611: Wave 2: Tobacco Universal Product Code (UPC) DataDS3011: Wave 3: Adult Questionnaire DataDS3012: Wave 3: Youth / Parent Questionnaire DataDS3111: Wave 3: Adult - All-Waves WeightsDS3112: Wave 3: Youth / Parent - All-Waves WeightsDS3211: Wave 3: Adult - Single-Wave WeightsDS3212: Wave 3: Youth / Parent - Single-Wave WeightsDS3411: Wave 3: Adult State Identifier DataDS3412: Wave 3: Youth / Parent State Identifier DataDS3503: Wave 3: All Participants - Ever/Never Reference DataDS3611: Wave 3: Tobacco Universal Product Code (UPC) DataDS4001: Wave 4: Adult Questionnaire DataDS4002: Wave 4: Youth / Parent Questionnaire DataDS4111: Wave 4: Adult - Wave 1 Cohort All-Waves WeightsDS4112: Wave 4: Youth / Parent - Wave 1 Cohort All-Waves WeightsDS4211: Wave 4: Adult - Wave 1 Cohort Single-Wave WeightsDS4212: Wave 4: Youth / Parent - Wave 1 Cohort Single-Wave WeightsDS4321: Wave 4: Adult - Wave 4 Cohort Cross-Sectional WeightsDS4322: Wave 4: Youth / Parent - Wave 4 Cohort Cross-Sectional WeightsDS4401: Wave 4: Adult State Identifier DataDS4402: Wave 4: Youth / Parent State Identifier DataDS4503: Wave 4: All Participants - Ever/Never Reference DataDS4601: Wave 4: Tobacco Universal Product Code (UPC) DataDS5001: Wave 5: Adult Questionnaire DataDS5002: Wave 5: Youth / Parent Questionnaire DataDS5111: Wave 5: Adult - Wave 1 Cohort All-Waves WeightsDS5112: Wave 5: Youth / Parent - Wave 1 Cohort All-Waves WeightsDS5211: Wave 5: Adult - Wave 1 Cohort Single-Wave WeightsDS5212: Wave 5: Youth / Parent - Wave 1 Cohort Single-Wave WeightsDS5221: Wave 5: Adult - Wave 4 Cohort Single-Wave WeightsDS5222: Wave 5: Youth / Parent - Wave 4 Cohort Single-Wave WeightsDS5401: Wave 5: Adult state Identifier DataDS5402: Wave 5: Youth / Parent State Identifier DataDS5601: Wave 5: Tobacco Universal Product (UPC) DataDS5711: Wave 5: Adult - Wave 1 Cohort Special Collection All-Waves WeightsDS5712: Wave 5: Youth / Parent - Wave 1 Cohort Special Collection All-Waves WeightsDS5721: Wave 5: Adult - Wave 4 Cohort Special Collection All-Waves WeightsDS5722: Wave 5: Youth / Parent - Wave 4 Cohort Special Collection All-Waves Weights

Users and non-users of tobacco products in the civilian, non-institutionalized household population of the United States aged 9 and older at the time of Wave 1 (Wave 1 Cohort); Users and non-users of tobacco products in the civilian, non-institutionalized household population of the United States aged 10 and older at the time of Wave 4 (Wave 4 Cohort) Smallest Geographic Unit: Census Region; Census Division

A four-stage stratified area probability sample design was used in the PATH Study, with a two-phase design for sampling adults at the final stage. At the first stage, a stratified sample of geographical primary sampling units (PSUs) was selected, in which a PSU is a county or group of counties. For the second stage, within each selected PSU, smaller geographical segments were formed and then a sample of these segments was drawn. At the third stage, the sampling frame consisted of the residential addresses located in these segments. The fourth stage selected adults and youth from the sampled households identified at these addresses, with varying sampling rates for adults by age, race, and tobacco use status. Adults were sampled in two phases - Phase 1 sampling used information provided in the household screener and Phase 2 sampling used information provided by the adult in the Phase 2 screener at the beginning of the Adult instrument. Please consult the Restricted-Use Files User Guide for additional details about the sampling.

2021-02-23 Wave 5 Adult and Youth Questionnaire and Weight data files were added to the collection along with Wave 5 Adult and Youth/Parent State Identifier Data and Wave 5 Adult Tobacco Universal Product Code (UPC) Data. The Restricted Use Files User Guide, State Identifier Restricted Use Files User Guide, and Tobacco UPC Data Restricted Use Files User Guide were updated. Data and documentation for the Master linkage file was updated to reflect the addition of these files.2020-06-24 The study was updated to include the TUPCRUF User Guide.2020-06-22 State Design Data, Adult State Identifier Data and Youth/Parent State Identifier Data for Waves 2-4 were added to the collection and the State Identifier Restricted Use File User Guide was updated. Tobacco Universal Product Code (UPC) Data for Waves 1-4 were also added to the collection, along with a Tobacco UPC Data Restricted Use File User Guide. Data for the Master linkage file was updated to reflect the addition of these files.2020-03-31 Data for the Master linkage file was updated.2020-03-23 Data and documentation for the Master linkage file was updated. Wave 4 Ever/Never data file has been added. Nonresponse Bias Analysis Reports for Waves 1-3 have been updated as well. Codebooks for the Wave 1 Adult, Wave 1 Youth/Parent, and Wave 3 Adult data files have been updated to adjust question text. This study is also being updated to reflect the correction version number.2020-03-19 Data and documentation for the Master linkage file was updated. Wave 4 Ever/Never data file has been added. Nonresponse Bias Analysis Reports for Waves 1-3 have been updated as well. Codebooks for the Wave 1 Adult, Wave 1 Youth/Parent, and Wave 3 Adult data files have been updated to adjust question text.2019-11-21 Wave 3 Adult codebook was updated to correct spelling error in question text.2019-11-05 Dataset and corresponding documentation number-schemes have changed across all waves/releases.Former DS1001 restructured to DS1011.; Former DS1002 restructured to DS1012.; Former DS1401 restructured to DS1411.; Former DS1402 restructured to DS1412.; Former DS2001 restructured to DS2011.; Former DS2002 restructured to DS2012.; Former DS3001 restructured to DS3011.; Former DS3002 restructured to DS3012.; Former DS3101 restructured to DS3111.; Former DS3102 restructured to DS3211.; Former DS3201 restructured to DS3112.; Former DS3202 restructured to DS3212.; Former DS4101 restructured to DS4111.; Former DS4102 restructured to DS4211.; Former DS4103 restructured to DS4321.; Former DS4201 restructured to DS4112.; Former DS4202 restructured to DS4212.; Former DS4203 restructured to DS4322.; Adult and Youth Data files across Waves 1-4 were updated to improve the clarity and consistency of variable labels, as well as to reflect the withdrawn participants (indicated by Special Missing -97777). Documentation was updated for 508 compliance at this time.Wave 1 and Wave 2 Adult data files were updated to include 11 Lifetime Threshold of Use Derived Variables. Wave 1 Youth data files were updated to include 1 Lifetime Threshold of Use Derived Variable. Wave 3 Youth data files were updated to include 8 Lifetime Threshold of Use Derived variables.2019-05-30 2019-04-08 Data and documentation for the Master linkage file was updated. Wave 4 Adult and Youth Questionnaire and Weight data files have been added.2019-02-01 Updating to include public codebooks for Wave 1 Adult and Youth State Identifier data files and the Master linkage file and the public User Guide for the State Identifier Restricted-Use Files.2019-02-01 Wave 1 Adult and Youth State Identifier data files were added to the collection. Data and documentation for the Master linkage file was updated.2018-10-01 2018-09-28 Data and documentation for the Master linkage file was updated. The Nonresponse Bias Analysis Report is now included for Wave 3.2018-05-01 Wave 3 Adult and Youth data files were added to the collection. Wave 1 and Wave 2 Adult and Youth data files were updated to improve the clarity and consistency of variable labels, especially in the Nicotine Dependence section.A new variable was added to Wave 1 and Wave 2 Adult data - R0#_ND_DATA_ROUTE. A second variable was added to the Wave 2 Adult data - R02R_A_P12M_BLUNTONLY_GRILLO. An additional 18 derived variables in the Wave 2 Adult data were revised and replaced the original variables. The newly named variables possess the original name, but also contain "_REV" at the end of the variable name.A skip error was identified in the Wave 2 Adult instrument, which resulted in some respondents being asked two questions when they should not have been. Therefore, the affected items, R02_AG0100CG and R02_AG0100FC, contain some extra data. Notes were added to the annotated instrument and codebook to describe the issue.The User Guide and Questionnaires were also updated to improve understanding of the data files. A Nonresponse Bias Analysis report is now included for Wave 2.2017-06-19 The Wave 1 and Wave 2 data files, for both Adults and Youth, were updated to correct minor errors along with the questionnaires to correct minor typos and clarify specifications.2017-04-27 A minor revision was made to the both the English and Spanish versions of the Wave 1 Adult questionnaire. The User Guide was also updated. Two Excel crosswalks, one for Adults and one for Youth, were added to the available documentation to highlight the differences between the Wave 1 and Wave 2 files.2017-04-03 An update was made to internal files to correct an issue with how missing values are displayed online through ICPSR's variables database.2017-03-23 Minor revisions were made to the Missing Values Code table within the User Guide and both Codebooks for Wave 2.2017-03-15 Data from Wave 2 of the study were added to the collection. The User Guide and Master Tobacco Brand and Product Code Guide were expanded to include information for Wave 2.2017-01-31 The variable R01X_CB_REGION in both the Wave 1 Adult and Youth/Parent files was updated to correct an error in the value labels. The values for codes 2 and 3 had been inadvertently swapped. The data did not change; only the value labels for codes 2 and 3 have been corrected.2016-11-28 An additional 40 derived variables were added to the end of the Wave 1 Youth / Parent file that are similar to those already in the Wave 1 Adult file. Information for individuals who withdrew from the study is denoted in the datasets by the special missing value -97777. Spanish versions of the annotated instruments are also now available.2016-05-24 The study's title changed with the removal of the year range. The Informed Consent Document and Non-Response Bias Analysis Report were changed from being study level files to being a part of the Wave 1 (DS1001 and DS1002) specific documentation.2016-04-22 An additional documentation file (Non-response_Report) was added to the collection.2016-04-20 Updated the file names only for the two study level documentation files (Informed_Consent and Tobacco_Brand) so that each file was easily identified and distinguishable from the other. No change was made to the content in either file.2016-04-18 Coding was updated for the sexual attraction variables. The questionnaires were revised to enhance the clarity of the ASK statements. The PDF codebooks now contain full question text from the questionnaires. Lastly, the PATH Study Master Tobacco Brand and Product Code Guide and an Informed Consent Document were also released.2016-01-13 PDF codebooks were released without question text. The codebooks will be updated in the near future that includes question text. Funding institution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse. United States Department of Health and Human Services. Food and Drug Administration. Center for Tobacco Products.

audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI)

computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36231.v22
Metadata Access https://www.da-ra.de/oaip/oai?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=oai_dc&identifier=oai:oai.da-ra.de:740816
Provenance
Creator United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse; United States Department of Health and Human Services. Food and Drug Administration. Center for Tobacco Products
Publisher Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Contributor United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse; United States Department of Health and Human Services. Food and Drug Administration. Center for Tobacco Products
Publication Year 2015
Rights Delivery; One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
OpenAccess true
Contact Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset; survey data
Discipline Social Sciences