Increased fitness of a key appendicularian zooplankton species under warmer, acidified seawater conditions, supplement to: Bouquet, Jean-Marie; Troedsson, Christofer; Novac, Aliona; Reeve, Magnus; Lechtenbörger, Anna K; Massart, Wendy; Skaar, Katrine S; Aasjord, Anne; Dupont, Sam; Thompson, Eric M (2018): Increased fitness of a key appendicularian zooplankton species under warmer, acidified seawater conditions. PLoS ONE, 13(1), e0190625

DOI

Ocean warming and acidification (OA) may alter the fitness of species in marine pelagic ecosystems through community effects or direct physiological impacts. We used the zooplanktonic appendicularian, Oikopleura dioica, to assess temperature and pH effects at mesocosm and microcosm scales. In mesocosms, both OA and warming positively impacted O. dioica abundance over successive generations. In microcosms, the positive impact of OA, was observed to result from increased fecundity. In contrast, increased pH, observed for example during phytoplankton blooms, reduced fecundity. Oocyte fertility and juvenile development were equivalent under all pH conditions, indicating that the positive effect of lower pH on O. dioica abundance was principally due to increased egg number. This effect was influenced by food quantity and quality, supporting possible improved digestion and assimilation at lowered pH. Higher temperature resulted in more rapid growth, faster maturation and earlier reproduction. Thus, increased temperature and reduced pH had significant positive impacts on O. dioica fitness through increased fecundity and shortened generation time, suggesting that predicted future ocean conditions may favour this zooplankton species.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.891075
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190625
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.891075
Provenance
Creator Bouquet, Jean-Marie; Troedsson, Christofer; Novac, Aliona; Reeve, Magnus; Lechtenbörger, Anna K; Massart, Wendy; Skaar, Katrine S; Aasjord, Anne; Dupont, Sam; Thompson, Eric M
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2018
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets; Collection
Format application/zip
Size 2 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (5.043 LON, 60.567 LAT)