Stable isotopes, magnetic susceptibility and nannoplankton and CaCO3 content in the Valanginian Bersek Marl Formation, supplement to: Bajnai, David; Pálfy, József; Martinez, Mathieu; Price, Gregory D; Nyerges, Anita; Fözy, István (2017): Multi-proxy record of orbital-scale changes in climate and sedimentation during the Weissert Event in the Valanginian Bersek Marl Formation (Gerecse Mts., Hungary). Cretaceous Research, 75, 45-60

DOI

The Valanginian positive carbon isotope excursion and associated environmental changes, known as the Weissert Event, is the first in the series of Cretaceous Earth system perturbations. Here, we develop a multiproxy cyclostratigraphy from a 31.2-m-thick Upper Valanginian to lowermost Hauterivian section of the Bersek Marl Formation in Gerecse Mountains, Hungary, comprising alternating marlstone layers of varying clay and carbonate content. The bulk carbonate d13C signal shows sustained, elevated values (up to 2.7 per mil) up to 19.2 m, followed by a decreasing trend upsection. Together with biostratigraphic data, this suggests that the lower part of the section was deposited during the plateau phase of the Valanginian Weissert Event. Spectral analyses of the multiproxy dataset, including magnetic susceptibility measurements and gamma-ray spectroscopy on the lower part of the section led to the identification of precession, obliquity, long and short eccentricity signals. A mean sedimentation rate of 14 m/Myr was calculated based on astronomical tuning. The cyclicity in the proxy signals reflects dilution cycles by detrital inputs in the basin, which supports the idea that orbitally-forced humid-arid cycles controlled the pelagic alternating sedimentation during the Early Cretaceous throughout the Tethyan area.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.869650
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2017.02.021
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.869650
Provenance
Creator Bajnai, David; Pálfy, József; Martinez, Mathieu; Price, Gregory D; Nyerges, Anita; Fözy, István
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2016
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset; Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 1074 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (18.526 LON, 47.721 LAT); Hungary