Ice rafted debris distribution in 16 sediment cores from the South Atlantic, supplement to: Diekmann, Bernhard; Fütterer, Dieter K; Grobe, Hannes; Hillenbrand, Claus-Dieter; Kuhn, Gerhard; Michels, Klaus; Petschick, Rainer; Pirrung, Michael (2004): Terrigenous sediment supply in the polar to temperate South Atlantic: land-ocean links of environmental changes during the late Quaternary. In: Wefer, G; Mulitza, S & Ratmeyer, V (eds.), The South Atlantic in the Late Quaternary: Reconstruction of Material Budget and Current Systems. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 375-399

Terrigenous sediment parameters in modern sea-bottom samples and sediment cores of the South Atlantic are used to infer variations in detrital sources and modes of terrigenous sediment supply in response to environmental changes through the late Quaternary climate cycles. Massaccumulation rates of terrigenous sediment and fluxes of ice-rafted detritus are discussed in terms of temporal variations in detrital sediment input from land to sea. Grain-size parameters ofterrigenous mud document the intensity of bottom-water circulation, whereas clay-mineral assemblages constrain the sources and marine transport routes of suspended fine-grained particulates, controlled by the modes of sediment input and patterns of ocean circulation. The results suggest low-frequency East Antarctic ice dynamics with dominant 100-kyr cycles and high rates of Antarctic Bottom Water formation and iceberg discharge during interglacial times. In contrast, the more subpolar ice masses of the Antarctic Peninsula also respond to short-term climate variability with maximum iceberg discharges during glacial terminations related to the rapid disintegration of advanced ice masses. In the northern Scotia Sea, increased sediment supply from southern South America points to extended ice masses in Patagonia during glacial times. In the southeastern South Atlantic, changes in regional ocean circulation are linked to global thermohaline ocean circulation and are in phase with northern-hemispheric processes of ice build-up and associated formation of North Atlantic Deep Water, which decreased during glacial times and permitted a wider extension of southern-source water masses in the study area.

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Creator Diekmann, Bernhard; Fütterer, Dieter K; Grobe, Hannes; Hillenbrand, Claus-Dieter; Kuhn, Gerhard; Michels, Klaus; Petschick, Rainer; Pirrung, Michael
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2003
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported;
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Size 16 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-45.292W, -67.065S, 37.480E, -41.275N); South Orkney; Agulhas Basin; Meteor Rise; Shona Ridge; Atlantic Ridge; Lazarev Sea; South Atlantic Ocean; Scotia Sea; South Atlantic; Scotia Sea, southwest Atlantic
Temporal Coverage Begin 1987-12-26T13:05:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1994-04-05T10:38:00Z