Seawater carbonate chemistry and survival, calcification rate of 4 species of coral over a 93-day ocean acidification and warming laboratory experiment

DOI

We conducted a 93-day experiment investigating the independent and combined effects of acidification (280−3300 µatm pCO2) and warming (28°C and 31°C) on calcification and linear extension rates of four key Caribbean coral species (Siderastrea siderea, Pseudodiploria strigosa, Porites astreoides, Undaria tenuifolia) from inshore and offshore reefs on the Belize Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System. All species exhibited nonlinear declines in calcification rate with increasing pCO2. Warming only reduced calcification in Ps. strigosa. Of the species tested, only S. siderea maintained positive calcification in the aragonite-undersaturated treatment. Temperature and pCO2 had no effect on the linear extension of S. siderea and Po. astreoides, and natal reef environment did not impact any parameter examined. Results suggest that S. siderea is the most resilient of these corals to warming and acidification owing to its ability to maintain positive calcification in all treatments, Ps. strigosa and U. tenuifolia are the least resilient, and Po. astreoides falls in the middle. These results highlight the diversity of calcification responses of Caribbean corals to projected global change.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2019) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2020-03-18.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.914200
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.2840
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.735583.1
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.735609.1
Related Identifier https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=seacarb
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.914200
Provenance
Creator Bove, Colleen B; Ries, Justin B; Davies, Sarah W; Westfield, Isaac T; Umbanhowar, James; Castillo, Karl D
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2019
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 110568 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-88.573W, 16.117S, -88.261E, 16.190N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2015-06-01T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2015-06-30T00:00:00Z