Seawater carbonate chemistry and specific growth rate, respiration rate, net photosynthetic rate and photochemical parameters of Phaeodactylum tricornutum

DOI

Experimentally elevated pCO2 and the associated pH drop are known to differentially affect many aspects of the physiology of diatoms under different environmental conditions or in different regions. However, contrasting responses to elevated pCO2 in the dark and light periods of a diel cycle have not been documented. By growing the model diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum under 3 light levels and 2 different CO2 concentrations, we found that the elevated pCO2/pH drop projected for future ocean acidification reduced the diatom's growth rate by 8–25% during the night period but increased it by up to 9–21% in the light period, resulting in insignificant changes in growth over the diel cycle under the three different light levels. The elevated pCO2 increased the respiration rates irrespective of growth light levels and light or dark periods and enhanced its photosynthetic performance during daytime. With prolonged exposure to complete darkness, simulating the sinking process in the dark zones of the ocean, the growth rates decreased faster under elevated pCO2, along with a faster decline in quantum yield and cell size. Our results suggest that elevated pCO2 enhances the diatom's respiratory energy supplies to cope with acidic stress during the night period but enhances its death rate when the cells sink to dark regions of the oceans below the photic zone, with implications for a possible acidification-induced reduction in vertical transport of organic carbon.

In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Gattuso et al, 2021) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI). The date of carbonate chemistry calculation by seacarb is 2021-12-15.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.939406
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.11903
Related Identifier https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/seacarb/index.html
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.939406
Provenance
Creator Qu, Liming; Beardall, John; Jiang, Xiaowen; Gao, Kunshan
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Contributor Yang, Yan
Publication Year 2021
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 3030 data points
Discipline Earth System Research