(Table 1) Trace elements, element ratios, isotopic ratios, verage isotope values and calcite precipitaion temperture from different Holes of Site 324, supplement to: Li, Sanzhong; Geldmacher, Jörg; Hauff, Folkmar; Garbe-Schönberg, Carl-Dieter; Yu, Shan; Zhao, Shujuan; Rausch, Svenja (2014): Composition and timing of carbonate vein precipitation within the igneous basement of the Early Cretaceous Shatsky Rise, NW Pacific. Marine Geology, 357, 321-333


Numerous calcium carbonate veins were recovered from the igneous basement of the Early Cretaceous Shatsky Rise during Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 324. The chemical (Sr/Ca, Mg/Ca) and isotopic (87Sr/86Sr, 143Nd/144Nd, delta18O, delta13C) compositions of these veins were determined to constrain the timing of vein formation. A dominant control by seawater chemistry on calcite composition is evident for most vein samples with variable contributions from the basaltic basement. Slightly elevated precipitation temperatures (as inferred from oxygen isotope ratios), indicative of hydrothermal vein formation, are only observed at Site U1350 in the central part of Shatsky Rise. The highest 87Sr/86Sr ratios (least basement influence) of vein samples at each drill site range from 0.70726 to 0.70755 and are believed to reflect the contemporaneous seawater composition during the time of calcite precipitation. In principle, age information can be deduced by correlating these ratios with the global seawater Sr isotope evolution. Since the Sr isotopic composition of seawater has fluctuated three times between the early and mid Cretaceous, no unambiguous precipitation ages can be constrained by this method and vein precipitation could have occurred at any time between ~ 80 and 140 Ma. However, based on combined chemical and isotopic data and correlations of vein composition with formation depth and inferred temperature, we argue for a rather early precipitation of the veins shortly after basement formation at each respective drill site. Sediment depth is given in mbsf. Measurements of duplicate digests differ by less then 5% for most elements except Li, Sc, Rb, Ba and Pb. The analytical accuracy was < 0.03 per mil for d13C and < 0.06 per mil for d18O. All measurements were calibrated to Pee Dee Belemnite standard using NBS 19.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.855280
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2014.09.046
Related Identifier http://store.pangaea.de/Publications/Li-etal_2014/International_carbonate_standards.pdf
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.855280
Creator Li, Sanzhong; Geldmacher, Jörg; Hauff, Folkmar; Garbe-Schönberg, Carl-Dieter; Yu, Shan; Zhao, Shujuan; Rausch, Svenja
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2015
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 636 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (158.459W, 32.508S, 159.284E, 36.116N)