Pollen distribution of sediment core MD96-2048 from the Western Indian Ocean, supplement to: Dupont, Lydie M; Caley, Thibaut; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Castañeda, Isla S; Malaizé, Bruno; Giraudeau, Jacques (2011): Glacial-interglacial vegetation dynamics in South Eastern Africa coupled to sea surface temperature variations in the Western Indian Ocean. Climate of the Past, 7(4), 1209-1224

DOI

Glacial-interglacial fluctuations in the vegetation of South Africa might elucidate the climate system at the edge of the tropics between the Indian and Atlantic Oceans. However, vegetation records covering a full glacial cycle have only been published from the eastern South Atlantic. We present a pollen record of the marine core MD96-2048 retrieved by the Marion Dufresne from the Indian Ocean ~120 km south of the Limpopo River mouth. The sedimentation at the site is slow and continuous. The upper 6 m (spanning the past 342 Ka) have been analysed for pollen and spores at millennial resolution. The terrestrial pollen assemblages indicate that during interglacials, the vegetation of eastern South Africa and southern Mozambique largely consisted of evergreen and deciduous forests. During glacials open mountainous scrubland dominated. Montane forest with Podocarpus extended during humid periods was favoured by strong local insolation. Correlation with the sea surface temperature record of the same core indicates that the extension of mountainous scrubland primarily depends on sea surface temperatures of the Agulhas Current. Our record corroborates terrestrial evidence of the extension of open mountainous scrubland (including fynbos-like species of the high-altitude Grassland biome) for the last glacial as well as for other glacial periods of the past 300 Ka. Age model after correlation of the oxygen isotopes of benthic foraminifera of MD96-2048 with the standard curve LR04 of Lisiecki & Raymo 2005.Age model after correlation of the oxygen isotopes of benthic foraminifera of MD96-2048 with the curve H07 of Huybers 2007.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.771285
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-7-1209-2011
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.771285
Provenance
Creator Dupont, Lydie M; Caley, Thibaut; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Castañeda, Isla S; Malaizé, Bruno; Giraudeau, Jacques
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2011
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 24360 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (34.017 LON, -26.167 LAT)