(Table T1) Physical properties of minicores from ODP Leg 193 sites, PACMANUS field, supplement to: Christiansen, Lizet B; Iturrino, Gerardo J (2004): Core-scale permeability of an actively venting, felsic-hosted hydrothermal system: the PACMANUS hydrothermal field. In: Barriga, FJAS; Binns, RA; Miller, DJ; Herzig, PM (eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 193, 1-19


Permeability of the ocean crust is one of the most crucial parameters for constraining submarine fluid flow systems. Active hydrothermal fields are dynamic areas where fluid flow strongly affects the geochemistry and biology of the surrounding environment. There have been few permeability measurements in these regions, especially in felsic-hosted hydrothermal systems. We present a data set of 38 permeability and porosity measurements from the PACMANUS hydrothermal field, an actively venting, felsic hydrothermal field in the eastern Manus Basin. Permeability was measured using a complex transient method on 2.54-cm minicores. Permeability varies greatly between the samples, spanning over five orders of magnitude. Permeability decreases with both depth and decreasing porosity. When the alteration intensity of individual samples is considered, relationships between depth and porosity and permeability become more clearly defined. For incompletely altered samples (defined as >5% fresh rock), permeability and porosity are constant with depth. For completely altered samples (defined as <5% fresh rock), permeability and porosity decrease with depth. On average, the permeability values from the PACMANUS hydrothermal field are greater than those in other submarine environments using similar core-scale laboratory measurements; the average permeability, 4.5 x 10-16 m**2, is two to four orders of magnitude greater than in other areas. Although the core-scale permeability is higher than in other seafloor environments, it is still too low to obtain the fluid velocities observed in the PACMANUS hydrothermal field based on simplified analytical calculations. It is likely that core-scale permeability measurements are not representative of bulk rock permeability of the hydrothermal system overall, and that the latter is predominantly fracture controlled.

Current sediment depth is given in mbsf. Note that permeability measurements were made along the length of the minicores; therefore, the resultant permeability values represent fluid flow along the horizontal axis. No vertical permeability measurements were made because of the limitations in the amount of core recovered. Minerals come from thin section analyses (Binns, Barriga, Miller, et al., 2002, doi:10.2973/odp.proc.ir.193.2002).

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.779285
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.193.202.2004
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.779285
Creator Christiansen, Lizet B; Iturrino, Gerardo J
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2004
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 445 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (151.670W, -3.728S, 151.675E, -3.721N); Bismarck Sea
Temporal Coverage Begin 2000-11-18T17:30:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2000-12-30T04:00:00Z