The biomarker and bulk parameters of two sediment cores along Baffin Bay-Labrador Sea north-south transect during the Holocene

DOI

Holocene sea ice and palaeoenvironmental conditions were reconstructed using three sediment cores from northeastern Baffin Bay (GeoB19948-3 and GeoB19927-3) and the Labrador Sea (GeoB19905-1) along a north-south transect based on sea ice IP25 and open-water phytoplankton biomarkers (brassicasterol, dinosterol and HBI III). In Baffin Bay, sea-surface conditions in the Early Holocene were characterized by extended (early) spring sea ice cover (SIC) prior to 7.6 ka BP. The conditions in the NE Labrador Sea, however, remained predominantly ice-free in spring/autumn due to the enhanced influx of Atlantic Water (i.e., WGC; West Greenland Current) from 11.5 to ~9.1 ka BP, succeeded by a period of continued (spring-autumn) ice-free conditions from 9.1 to 7.6 ka BP corresponding to the onset of Holocene Thermal Maximum (HTM)-like conditions. A transition towards reoccurring ice-edge and significantly reduced SIC conditions in Baffin Bay is evident in the Mid Holocene (~7.6-3 ka BP) probably caused by the variations in the WGC influence associated with the ice melting and can be characterized as HTM-like conditions. These HTM-like conditions are predominantly recorded in the NE Labrador Sea area shown by (spring-autumn) ice-free conditions from 5.9-3 ka BP. In the Late Holocene (last ~3 ka), our combined proxy records from eastern Baffin Bay indicate low in-situ ice-algae production, however, enhanced multi-year (drifted) sea ice in this area was possibly attributed to the increased influx of Polar Water mass influx and may correlate with the Neoglacial cooling. The conditions in the NE Labrador Sea during the last 3 ka, however, continued to remain (spring-autumn) ice-free with decreased biological carbonate production probably linked to decreased WGC strength and/or increased Arctic Water influx, coinciding with the Neoglacial cooling.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.939206
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1111/bor.12583
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.939206
Provenance
Creator Saini, Jeetendra; Stein, Ruediger; Fahl, Kirsten; Weiser, Jens; Hebbeln, Dierk; Madaj, Lina
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2021
Funding Reference German Science Foundation, 221211316
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Collection of Datasets; Collection
Format application/zip
Size 2 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-64.143W, 64.361S, -52.962E, 75.768N)
Temporal Coverage Begin 2015-07-01T09:19:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 2015-07-15T02:06:00Z