(Table 3) Abundances of total foraminifera counted from multinet plankton tows in the Drake Passage, ANT X/5, August-September, 1992, supplement to: Kohfeld, Karen E; Anderson, Robert F; Lynch-Stieglitz, Jean (2000): Carbon isotopic disequilibrium in polar planktonic foraminifera and its impact on modern and Last Glacial Maximum reconstructions. Paleoceanography, 15(1), 53-64


Calibration studies of Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sinistral coiling, hereinafter referred to as N. pachyderma (s.)) in the South Atlantic raise questions about the interpretation of this species' carbon isotope composition as a paleoceanographic tracer of Southern Ocean surface nutrient contents. Carbon isotope disequilibrium between d13C of total CO2 (TCO2) of seawater and d13C of N. pachyderma (s.) increases systematically between 70° and 40°S. Several effects could cause the observed carbon isotope disequilibrium, including a combination of foraminiferal diet, calcification temperature, and carbonate ion chemistry. Combining these corrections to the d13C of N. pachyderma (s.) improves the reconstruction of the d13C of seawater TCO2 between 0 and 200 m in the modern South Atlantic. With these corrections applied, the d13C for equilibrium calcite reconstructed from N. pachyderma (s.) at the Last Glacial Maximum is very similar to preindustrial values, suggesting that one cannot rule out the possibility that surface nutrient concentrations in the South Atlantic Ocean were comparable to today. However, the magnitude of the uncertainties associated with these corrections make it difficult to assess absolute paleonutrient concentrations with much confidence.

DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.855511
Metadata Access http://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite3&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.855511
Creator Kohfeld, Karen E;Lynch-Stieglitz, Jean;Anderson, Robert F
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2000
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (60S-54S,59W-28W)
Temporal Point 1992-09-05T11:59:59Z