Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the continental shelf of the Korea Strait, supplement to: Guerra, Roberta; Pasteris, Andrea; Righi, Serena; Ok, Gon (2019): Historical record of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the continental shelf of the Korea Strait. Chemosphere, 237, 124438

DOI

The vertical distribution of PCBs concentration and fluxes were documented over the ~100 years in a single sedimentary sequence collected in the continental shelf of the Korea Strait. Pb-210 ages and accumulation rates were estimated with the Constant Flux (CF) model and uncertainties with the Monte Carlo method. Sedimentation accumulation rates (SAR) found in the core YS varied from 0.2 to 1.8 cm/yr, whereas mass accumulation rates ranged from 0.2 to 1.4 g/cm2 yr1.The historical trend of deposition and fluxes of individual and total PCB agreed well with the dynamics of historical tendencies of PCBs consumption in South Korea up to mid-1980 and a peak of total PCBs of 810 ng/kg was recorded at the turn of the 1960s. A second period of deposition, when concentrations of total PCB up to 1007 ng/kg1 were reached, was evidenced between 1989 and 2010 after the ban of PCBs. Sediments deposited in 1990s - 2010, and sediments deposited in the period of maximum PCBs use (1956 - 1983) are both enriched in the less chlorinated homologue groups (tri- and tetrachlorobyphenyls) and congener PCB 118. The ratio of dioxin-like PCBs, and dichloro- and hexachloro homologue groups disclosed compositional variations between the two time periods. Source analysis suggested that PCBs in the sediment record mainly originated from Kanechlor 300, Kanechlor 400 and Aroclor 1242 technical mixtures overlapped by secondary/unintentional combustion sources from regional steel making processes in the last decades (1990s-2010).

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.904431
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124438
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.904431
Provenance
Creator Guerra, Roberta; Pasteris, Andrea; Righi, Serena; Ok, Gon
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2019
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets; Collection
Format application/zip
Size 2 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (127.358 LON, 34.211 LAT); Korea Strait