(Table 2) Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca composition of planktonic foraminifera from ODP Hole 143-865B, supplement to: Tripati, Aradhna K; Delaney, Margaret Lois; Zachos, James C; Anderson, Linda Davis; Kelly, Daniel Clay; Elderfield, Henry (2003): Tropical sea-surface temperature reconstruction for the early Paleogene using Mg/Ca ratios of planktonic foraminifera. Paleoceanography, 18(4), 1101

DOI

To understand the climate dynamics of hypothesized past greenhouse intervals, it is essential to constrain tropical sea-surface temperatures (SST), yet existing proxy records give conflicting results. Here we present the first Mg/Ca-based study of pre-Quaternary SST and investigate early Paleogene (late Paleocene through late middle Eocene; 58.6-39.8 Ma) tropical temperatures, using planktonic foraminifera belonging to the genus Morozovella from Ocean Drilling Program Site 865 on Allison Guyot (western central equatorial Pacific Ocean). Calcification temperatures similar to or warmer than modern tropical SST are calculated using a range of assumptions regarding diagenesis, temperature calibration, and seawater Mg/Ca. Long-term warming is observed into the early Eocene (54.8-49.0 Ma), with peak SST between 51 and 48 Ma and rapid cooling of 4°C beginning at 48 Ma. These findings are inconsistent with the d18O-based SST previously estimated for this site. Sediment depth is given in mbsf. Mg/Ca ratios have been adjusted using the average species offset from M. aragonensis. The offset is +0.16 mmol/mol for M. lehneri, -0.06 mmol/mol for M. spinulosa, -0.20 for M. subbotinae, and -0.08 for M. velazcoensis. bSr/Ca ratios have been adjusted using the average species offset from M. aragonensis. No offset is observed between M. spinulosa and M. aragonensis. The offset is +0.04 mmol/mol for M. lehneri, -0.03 for M. subbotinae, and -0.03 for M. velazcoensis. Samples without normalization calculation values have been excluded from discussion because of high Fe/Ca (>0.10 mmol/mol) and Fe/Mg (>0.02 mol/mol) ratios.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.841333
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1029/2003PA000937
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.841333
Provenance
Creator Tripati, Aradhna K; Delaney, Margaret Lois; Zachos, James C; Anderson, Linda Davis; Kelly, Daniel Clay; Elderfield, Henry
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2003
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 473 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-179.555 LON, 18.440 LAT); North Pacific Ocean
Temporal Coverage Begin 1992-04-03T02:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1992-04-04T01:30:00Z