Contents of labile sulfides in the upper layer bottom sediments and parameters of zoobethos density and composition in the central part of the Sea of Azov, supplement to: Sorokin, Yury I; Burkatskii, O N (2007): The contents of labile sulfides in the bottom sediments of the central part of the Sea of Azov: Impact on benthic communities. Translated from Okeanologiya, 2007, 47(5), 729-735, Oceanology, 47(5), 679-684

DOI

At 17 stations in the central part of the Sea of Azov contents of labile (acid-soluble) sulfides were determined in the upper layer (0-3 cm) of bottom sediments. At 14 of these stations contents of sulfides exceeded 300 mg S/l of wet sediment; at seven stations contents of sulfides varied from 420 to 720 mg S/l of wet sediment, or 0.1-0.2% of dry weight. At other three stations, where neutral matter such as shells and sand prevailed in samples, contents of sulfides varied from 80 to 110 mg S/l of wet sediment. At these stations high density and species diversity of benthic fauna was retained. At other stations with labile sulfide contents over 200-300 mg S/l benthos biomass decreased by one or two orders of magnitude. At most of them it was less than 3 g/m**2 and small gastropod Hydrobia tolerant to sulfides dominated. Obtained data show that in the central part of the Sea of Azov reduced sediments with high contents of labile sulfides migrate towards the bottom surface, which conforms to high intensity of hydrogen sulfide formation process caused by bacterial sulfate reduction. The study considers environmental effects of sulfide contamination in the upper layer of bottom sediments in the Sea of Azov as a key factor causing recurrent hypoxy in the near-bottom layers of water, suffocation occurrence, and progressive depletion of benthic and pelagic fauna.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.769951
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1134/S0001437007050104
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.769951
Provenance
Creator Sorokin, Yury I; Burkatskii, O N
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2007
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 128 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (36.850W, 46.048S, 37.519E, 46.406N); Sea of Azov