Age model of ODP Site 113-697 (Table 2), supplement to: Burckle, Lloyd H; Gersonde, Rainer; Abrams, Nelson (1990): Late Pliocene-Pleistocene paleoclimate in the Jane Basin region: ODP Site 697. In: Barker, PF; Kennett, JP; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 113, 803-812


We examined diatom preservation patterns in Pliocene age sediments of Jane Basin (ODP Site 697) and compared them with diatom distribution in more northerly sites at various sectors of the Southern Ocean. Our data from Site 697, as well as other sites from around the Southern Ocean, support the view that there was significant ice growth on Antarctica during the late Pliocene. DSDP Site 514 in the Atlantic sector shows increased relative abundance of Eucampia antarctica, an ice-related form, in the upper part of the Gauss Chron with a larger increase just above it. With one exception, all sites included in the present study show increased relative abundance of E. antarctica in the upper part of the Gauss. Our view that there was ice growth on Antarctica during the late Gauss Chron is supported by the results from ODP Site 697. While diatoms are present and percent opal is high in the early and middle Gauss Chron (suggesting more open-ocean conditions), late Gauss sediments contain low percentages of opal and few or no diatoms. This is also true for the early Matuyama Chron. If we accept spring and summer sea-ice cover as the major suppressant of diatom productivity in the Southern Ocean, then we conclude that sea-ice covered the region around Site 697 through much of the year during this interval. Further, the absence of diatoms and the low percentages of opal in middle and late Matuyama chron sediments suggests increased sea-ice cover over the Jane Basin during this time. Although warmer openocean intervals are inferred for intervals near the Olduvai and Jaramillo Subchrons, most of the Matuyama Chron was marked by extensive sea-ice cover with low seasonal contrast. Our results for the early part of the Brunhes Chron are similar, at least for the Jane Basin. During this time, sea-ice cover over the basin apparently extended well into the growing season. In contrast, the later Brunhes Chron is marked by alternating open water (during the growing season) and extensive, almost year-round, sea-ice.

Metadata Access
Creator Burckle, Lloyd H;Gersonde, Rainer;Abrams, Nelson
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 1990
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (62S,40W)
Temporal Point 1987-03-02T11:59:59Z