Stable carbon and oxygen isotope ratios of foraminifera in surface sediments of the South China Sea, supplement to: Cheng, Xinrong; Huang, Baoqi; Jian, Zhimin; Zhao, Quanhong; Tian, Jun; Li, Jianru (2005): Foraminiferal isotopic evidence for monsoonal activity in the South China Sea: a present-LGM comparison. Marine Micropaleontology, 54(1-2), 125-139


The relationship between planktonic and benthic foraminiferal stable-isotope values and oceanographic conditions and factors controlling isotopic variations are discussed on the basis of oxygen and carbon isotopic analyses of 192 modern surface and Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) samples from the South China Sea (SCS). The harmonic variation of benthic delta18O in surface sediments with water depth and temperature implies that the temperature is the main factor influencing benthic delta18O variations. Planktonic delta18O fluctuates with sea surface temperature (SST) and salinity (SSS). The N-S temperature gradient results in planktonic delta18O decreasing from the northeast to the south. Cool, saline waters driven by the winter monsoon are interpreted to have been responsible for the high delta18O values in the northeast SCS. The East Asian monsoons not only bring nutrients into the South China Sea and maintain high nutrient concentration levels at the southwestern and northeastern ends, which cause depleted delta13C both in planktonic (surface) and benthic (bottom) samples but also reduce planktonic/benthic delta18O differences. The distribution of delta18O and delta13C in the surface and LGM samples are strikingly similar, indicating that the impact of SST and SSS has been maintained, and nutrient inputs, mainly from the northeastern and southwestern ends, have been controlled by monsoons since the LGM. Comparisons of the modern and LGM delta18O indicate a difference of about 3.6 °C in bottom-water temperature and a large surface-to-bottom temperature gradient during the LGM as compared to today.

Related Identifier
Metadata Access
Creator Cheng, Xinrong; Huang, Baoqi; Jian, Zhimin; Zhao, Quanhong; Tian, Jun; Li, Jianru
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2005
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Size 2 datasets
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (110.540W, 5.541S, 119.752E, 21.515N); South China Sea; Sunda Shelf
Temporal Coverage Begin 1994-04-16T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1999-03-10T00:00:00Z