Particle flux measured on deep sea sediment trap VP-2_trap (Appendix A2.7), supplement to: Bathmann, Ulrich; Peinert, Rolf; Noji, Thomas T; von Bodungen, Bodo (1990): Pelagic origin and fate of sedimenting particles in the Norwegian Sea. Progress in Oceanography, 24(1-4), 117-125

DOI

A 17 month record of vertical particle flux of dry weight, carbonate and organic carbon were 25.8, 9.4 and 2.4g/m2/y, respectively. Parallel to trap deployments, pelagic system structure was recorded with high vertical and temporal resolution.Within a distinct seasonal cycle of vertical particle flux, zooplankton faecal pellets of various sizes, shapes and contents were collected by the traps in different proportions and quantities throughout the year (range: 0-4,500 103/m**2/d). The remains of different groups of organisms showed distinct seasonal variations in abundance. In early summer there was a small maximum in the diatom flux and this was followed by pulses of tinntinids, radiolarians, foraminiferans and pteropods between July and November.Food web interactions in the water column were important in controlling the quality and quantity of sinking materials. For example, changes in the population structure of dominant herbivores, the break-down of regenerating summer populations of microflagellates and protozooplankton and the collapse of a pteropod dominated community, each resulted in marked sedimentation pulses.These data from the Norwegian Sea indicate those mechanisms which either accelerate or counteract loss of material via sedimentation. These involve variations in the structure of the pelagic system and they operatè on long (e.g. annual plankton succession) and short (e.g. the end of new production, sporadic grazing of swarm feeders) time scales. Connecting investigation of the water column with a high resolution in time in parallel with drifting sediment trap deployments and shipboard experiments with the dominant zooplankters is a promising approach for giving a better understanding of both the origin and the fate of material sinking to the sea floor.

Identifier
DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.527975
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/0079-6611(90)90024-V
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.527975
Provenance
Creator Bathmann, Ulrich; Peinert, Rolf; Noji, Thomas T; von Bodungen, Bodo
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2006
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Representation
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 55 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (5.827 LON, 67.617 LAT); Norwegian Sea
Temporal Coverage Begin 1986-07-02T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1987-02-04T00:00:00Z