(Table 1) Core top Globorotalia truncatulinoides δ¹⁸O ratios of Atlantic Ocean samples, supplement to: LeGrand, Allegra N; Lynch-Stieglitz, Jean; Farmer, E Christa (2004): Oxygen isotopic composition of Globorotalia truncatulinoides as a proxy for intermediate depth density. Paleoceanography, 19(4), PA4025


We investigate whether the oxygen isotope ratio in the test of Globorotalia truncatulinoides can serve as a proxy for intermediate depth (200-500 m) density. Since intermediate depth horizontal density gradients are associated with the vertical shear of upper ocean flows, this proxy could provide a tool for reconstructing past ocean circulation. The spatial pattern of core top Gr. truncatulinoides d18O in the Atlantic Ocean mimics the upper ocean density gradients associated with the major ocean currents. To better constrain the controls on the calcification depth(s) of Gr. truncatulinoides, we attempt to simulate the surface sediment data set using water column temperature and salinity conditions above the core sites. We predicted foraminiferal d18O for each core site assuming (1) the calcification occurs at a single depth and (2) the initial calcification is at the surface and the subsequent calcification is at 800 m water depth. The predicted d18O best resembles measured d18O of Gr. truncatulinoides when using (1) a single depth calcification at 350 m or (2) a two-depth approximation with 30% surface and 70% 800-m calcification. This result gives us confidence in the ability of d18O in Gr. truncatulinoides to proxy lateral density gradients at the intermediate depths associated with upper ocean flow.

DOI https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.839010
Related Identifier https://doi.org/10.1029/2004PA001045
Metadata Access https://ws.pangaea.de/oai/provider?verb=GetRecord&metadataPrefix=datacite4&identifier=oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.839010
Creator LeGrand, Allegra N; Lynch-Stieglitz, Jean; Farmer, E Christa
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2014
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
OpenAccess true
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Dataset
Format text/tab-separated-values
Size 63 data points
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (-95.550W, -42.580S, -11.430E, 29.283N); Providence Channel
Temporal Coverage Begin 1954-05-26T00:00:00Z
Temporal Coverage End 1973-02-15T00:00:00Z