Sedimentological investigation on 4 cores from the Antarctic continental margin, supplement to: Hillenbrand, Claus-Dieter; Ehrmann, Werner (2003): Palaeoenvironmental Implications from Tertiary Sediments of Kainan Maru Seamount and Northern Gunnerus Ridge. Antarctic Science, 15, 522-536


Sedimentary sequences spanning early Oligocene and Neogene time intervals were recovered with piston and gravity cores along erosional structures at northern Gunnerus Ridge and Kainan Maru Seamount in the southernmost Indian Ocean. Results of sedimentological investigations help to reconstruct the Cenozoic palaeoenvironment. Main emphasis was placed on grain size and clay mineral data. The clay mineral assemblages are dominated by illite and smectite. Chlorite and kaolinite occur in trace amounts. Whereas illite has a distinct source on the East Antarctic craton, smectite is of somewhat speculative origin, but probably is derived from erosion of Cenozoic or older shelf sediments. The presence of terrigenous sand indicates that ice-rafting was active throughout the time represented by the investigated cores, although with varying intensity. During the early Oligocene interval (30.1–29.0 Ma), siliceous phytoplankton production dominated sedimentation. Environmental conditions were quite different from those on Maud Rise and Kerguelen Plateau. The middle Miocene sedimentary sequence (14.1–12.8 Ma) documents an intensification of East Antarctic glaciation. The sediments deposited during the late Miocene interval (8.7–6.5 Ma) and the Pliocene interval (5.1–2.7 Ma) indicate continued cooling of Antarctica, but a more dynamic Antarctic ice sheet resulting in episodic sedimentation patterns.

Metadata Access
Creator Hillenbrand, Claus-Dieter;Ehrmann, Werner
Publisher PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science
Publication Year 2003
Rights Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC-BY)
Language English
Resource Type Supplementary Collection of Datasets
Format application/zip
Discipline Earth System Research
Spatial Coverage (66S-65S,33E-34E)
Temporal Point 1990-03-26T11:59:59Z